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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/784

Title: ASSESSMENT OF KNOWELEDGE AND HYGEINIC PRACTICES TOWARDS BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF DRINKING WATER AT DOBE TOGA KEBELE, SHEBEDINO WOREDA, SNNPR
Authors: Teferi, Abegaz
Advisors: ABERA KUMIE (MD, MSC)
Keywords: Knowledge, practice and bacteriological contamination
Copyright: 2007
Date Added: 21-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Summary Background: Drinking Water becomes contaminated with faecal matter due to inadequate protection of the source, unhygienic practices of the community at the source and household level Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of knowledge and hygienic practices of the community on bacteriological quality of drinking water at the source and point of use Methods: A community- based cross-sectional study was conducted using intervieweradministered questionnaire, inspection check list to observe the condition of water sources, and bacteriological water quality examination of sources and household containers. The study was conducted during August 2006-June 2007 in Dobe Toga kebele of Shebedino wereda. SNNPR. Four hundred twenty households were selected using systematic random sampling method to assess the knowledge and hygienic practices of the community and gathered by health extension worker under strict supervision of principal investigator and supervisors. Bacteriological examination of six protected springs and eighty four systematically selected household containers was carried out by using Oxfam DelAgua water testing kit.Results: Almost all of the springs were subjected to contamination of faecal coliform with high sanitary risk score. There is a significant variation between the bacteriological analysis of source water and household drinking water with a mean of 10.3 and 32.1CFU/ 100 ml of water samples respectively. Educational status was the only variables which was significant after adjustment of other socio demographic, Knowledge and practices variables [AOR: 6.64, 95% CI=1.028-42.927). However other variables like: types of household containers, washing of containers before transferring, methods of water withdrawal, duration of stored water and cover of container during transportation and storage were significant in bivariate analysis but not in multivariate analysis. This may be due to confounding effects of different variables Conclusion and Recommendation: Protected springs with high sanitary risk score were highly subjected to bacteriological contamination and its load of feacal coliform almost tripled at household level, because of poor household management system. Proper protection of water sources, regular monitoring of water quality and hygiene education on water and sanitation, are very important strategies to improve the bacteriological water quality. Key words: Knowledge, practice and bacteriological contamination
Description: THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/784
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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