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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/750

Authors: Delesho, Assefa
Advisors: Dr. Yohanes G/Michael
Keywords: Water supply
demand for water
willingness to pay
cost recovery
Copyright: 2006
Date Added: 21-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Assosa town has been experiencing the problem of potable water supply in adequate quantity and quality. Even if the modern water supply system was installed since 1983 and expanded its service by drilling a number of boreholes, still the demand is not satisfied and a number of people do not have access to adequate amount of potable water. This research has focused on assessing the magnitude of water supply and its challenges and dynamics in Assosa town. A survey was conducted on 196 HHs and interviews with elders, religious leaders, different private and governmental organizations and professionals were held. Emphasis was put on examining the nature of problems of water supply and challenges the service providers and households faced. The study has confirmed that Assosa town water supply service could not cover the demand of the town with present existing capacity. At present the coverage of water supply is only 38 percent interms of population though the research outcome showed 69.9 percent of the total sample households use potable water. All areas of the town could not get equal and proportional service. Central parts get more water supply while the peripheral areas remain without water. In addition to this, the tariff set is neither affordable nor generates sufficient revenue to sustain the service. The majority of victims of the problem are the poor as they can not afford connection charges. As a result, they exposed to unprotected sources and buy water from vendors at high price. The root causes of the challenging problems are institutional, financial, human and material resource constraints. The major copping strategies for the challenges are synchronizing different water sources, conserving water sources, family planning, demand management, demand oriented supply, participating different actors, mobilizing financial resources, and staffing organizational structure with skilled personnel and equipping it with material facilities.
Description: A Thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Regional and Local Development Studies (RLDS)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/750
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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