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|Title: ||FOOD SECURITY SITUATIONS AND RESOURCE ENDOWMENTS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN D’IRASHE SPECIAL WOREDA IN SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MALE-AND FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS|
|Authors: ||GNEFATO, ASFAW|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Beyene Doilicho|
|Copyright: ||2006 |
|Date Added: ||21-Apr-2008 |
|Abstract: ||The thesis is aimed at assessing the food security situations and resource
endowments of rural households in D’irashe Special Woreda. The content
however, is limited to the realities in three sample PKAs of D'irashe Special
Woreda. D'irashe Special Woreda is found in SNNPR. It is located 557kms
south of Addis Ababa on the right side of the main road to Jinka town.
The thesis begins with introducing the background, the problem statement,
objectives including significance of the study. It proceeds by reviewing aspects
of female heads, food security, productive resource endowments and coping
strategies. It then describes the physical and socio-economic features of the
woreda. Questionnaire survey, key informant interviews, case studies and focus
group discussions are used to collect the data. Descriptive stastics such as
percentage and mean are computed.
Female-headed households play an essential role in food security of household
as producers, purchasers, providers and processors of food than male heads do.
Male and female seem to have an equal participation in farm production
activities: planting, weeding, threshing, transporting and storing. Besides,
collecting fire woods, fetching water and grinding grain have been found to be
means of ensuring food security. For many female household heads' time is
spent by these daily routine activities while their involvement in other income
generating activities is constrained.
Moreover, results of the study revealed that female-headed households have
limited rights of ownership in productive resources as well as their fruits of
labor than male-headed households. Lack of access to and control over key
assets such as land and larger livestocks affect the role of female heads of
households. They have little power to make decisions on selling of the larger
animals and rent or lease of their farmland. Their limited role in these aspects
potentially affects their purchasing power and access to food or cash income.
Female household heads have too small farmlands and shortage of labor than
male-headed households to provide enough food for most households. Rural
credit institution does not exist in the study area. Poor soil fertility, shortage of
rain, and crop diseases and pests are among other factors causing household
food insecurity. All these factors affect their contribution to the households.
Own-farm production does not satisfy family needs more than 8 months. Hence,
households must meet their own family demands from sources other than ownfarm
|Description: ||A Thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Regional and Local Development Studies (RLDS)|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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