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|Title: ||THE ROLE OF NGOs IN HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF BESO II PROJECT IN PROMOTING PRIMARY EDUCATION IN SIDAMA ZONE, SNNPRS|
|Authors: ||Argo, Abera|
|Advisors: ||Dr. M.D. Bavaiah|
|Copyright: ||2006 |
|Date Added: ||21-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||The purpose of this study was to examine the USAID World Learning /BESO II
Project’s primary education improving effort in Sidama Zone, SNNPRS.
Descriptive survey method was used to attain the objective of the study.
Approximating longitudinal survey with cross-sectional survey was employed to
gauge the tangible contribution of the project. The study was conducted in 14
schools of four Woredas in Sidama zone. The subjects of the study were
educational authorities and personnel from regional to school level, SDAs,
community representatives and officials of project office. Purposive and random
sampling techniques were used.
Questionnaires were used to collect data from teachers, head teachers,
educational personnel and SDAs while interview was conducted with
educational authorities at Woreda and regional level, and Zonal and regional
level project officials. Focus-group discussion was held with representatives of
the community. Moreover, the researcher in some selected schools made field
observations. Various documents were also consulted. Data was analyzed
through quantitative and qualitative methods. The statistical tools used to
analyze quantitative data were percentage and weighted mean.
The results have revealed that World Learning BESO II project’s objectives
were appropriate for mitigating the educational problems and promoting
primary education in the region in general and Sidama Zone in particular. In
this regard, the enrollment of students especially that of girls was increased
after the intervention of the project. There was also significant improvement in
the quality of education in the project schools when compared to initial
condition because there was improvement on the contributors of quality.
However, the project schools’ result was not reflected at zonal level except for
the year 2004/05. Especially the dropout rate, repetition rate and pupil-section
ratios were higher in the zonal average than regional ones.
The project involved both primary and secondary stakeholders in the activities
of its program. As a result, it was able to mobilize the local community with the
limited amount of incentive it provided to the project schools. It also initiated
the local community to contribute labor, material and finance for the
improvement of their children’s schools and develop sense of ownership and
belongingness. However, regardless of the attempts made by raising awareness
through sustainability workshops and training, the sustainability of the project
was not fully realized i.e. the graduated schools were not functioning in the
same pace as they had been during the project. There were also some problems
that hampered the effective implementation of the project’s activities, which are
discussed in chapter four of this study. They require due attention of project and
government officials and the community at large.|
|Description: ||A Thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Regional and Local Development Studies (RLDS)|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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