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Title: Assessment of VCT utilization for HIV/AIDS among government and non-government employees in Butajira, SNNPR, Ethiopia
Authors: Mulugeta, Wondwossen
Advisors: Dr. Negussie Deyessa
Copyright: 2007
Date Added: 21-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Abstract Background: It is only recently that voluntary counseling and testing services have been considered important as an entry point for prevention and care interventions for HIV/AIDS. Access to voluntary counseling and testing services, however, remains limited and the demand for the service is often low. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess magnitude of utilization of voluntary counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS and to identify factors and barriers that affect VCT utilization among government and non-government employees in Butajira town, SNNPR. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that was conducted among 347 government and 349 non-government employee in Butajira town, Gurage Zone, southern Ethiopia. This study used two stage sampling, the first stage was cluster sampling to select randomly seven sectors from government organizations, and another seven blocks from non-governmental organizations, taking sectors and blocks as a sampling unit for government and nongovernment organizations, respectively. The study used a standardized and pretested questionnaire for the quantitative study and four focus group discussions for the qualitative study. Data was analyzed by binary analysis using the logistic regression in SPSS. Results: A total of 736 study participants were eligible in this study, 696 were willing to participate in the study, among these 347 (49.9%) were government employees and 349 (50.1%) were non-government employees. The mean age of the respondents was 31.2 years. The magnitude of VCT utilization in the study participants was 37.9% with a 95% CI (34.3% and 41.5%). Voluntary counseling test utilization was higher to statistically significant level among female participants, higher educational status, married individuals and individuals having a monthly income of 1000 birr or more than their referents. Conclusion: The current study demonstrated that VCT utilization is low in Butajira town although it is higher than the reported prevalence for urban areas n the country. The result of this study indicates that VCT users are mainly government employees and females.
Description: A thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Masters of Public Health June/ 2007 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/719
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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