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|Title: ||Assessment of VCT utilization for HIV/AIDS among government and non-government employees in Butajira, SNNPR, Ethiopia|
|Authors: ||Mulugeta, Wondwossen|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Negussie Deyessa|
|Copyright: ||2007 |
|Date Added: ||21-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
Background: It is only recently that voluntary counseling and testing services have been
considered important as an entry point for prevention and care interventions for HIV/AIDS.
Access to voluntary counseling and testing services, however, remains limited and the
demand for the service is often low.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess magnitude of utilization of voluntary
counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS and to identify factors and barriers that affect VCT
utilization among government and non-government employees in Butajira town, SNNPR.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that was conducted among 347 government and
349 non-government employee in Butajira town, Gurage Zone, southern Ethiopia. This study
used two stage sampling, the first stage was cluster sampling to select randomly seven sectors
from government organizations, and another seven blocks from non-governmental
organizations, taking sectors and blocks as a sampling unit for government and nongovernment
organizations, respectively. The study used a standardized and pretested
questionnaire for the quantitative study and four focus group discussions for the qualitative
study. Data was analyzed by binary analysis using the logistic regression in SPSS.
Results: A total of 736 study participants were eligible in this study, 696 were willing to
participate in the study, among these 347 (49.9%) were government employees and 349
(50.1%) were non-government employees. The mean age of the respondents was 31.2 years.
The magnitude of VCT utilization in the study participants was 37.9% with a 95% CI (34.3%
and 41.5%). Voluntary counseling test utilization was higher to statistically significant level
among female participants, higher educational status, married individuals and individuals
having a monthly income of 1000 birr or more than their referents.
Conclusion: The current study demonstrated that VCT utilization is low in Butajira town
although it is higher than the reported prevalence for urban areas n the country.
The result of this study indicates that VCT users are mainly government employees and females.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa
University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of
Masters of Public Health
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Public Health|
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