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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/718

Title: GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN HIV COUNSELING AND TESTING INTERVENTIONS IN ADDIS ABABA: ASSESSING THE TECHNICAL AND STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
Authors: Yohannes, Bekele
Copyright: 2007
Date Added: 21-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Abstract Background: One of the most striking developments, since the development of a global response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic began, is the recognition of the role that gender pays in fuelling the pandemic and influencing its impacts. In the response, gender mainstreaming is taken as the most effective, efficient and equitable way of combating HIV/AIDS by focusing on the real needs of the whole population on many International and Regional and National blueprints. Objective: To asses key elements of gender mainstreaming (technical and structural elements) in HIV counseling and testing interventions in Addis Ababa by using WHO’s conceptual framework to mainstream gender in to HIV/AIDS interventions. Methods: A study that largely employed qualitative methods in combination with quantitative survey was conducted from January ’07 to June ’07 in Addis Ababa. Using open code software, framework analysis approach was used to analyze qualitative data. Univariate analysis was done to analyze survey data using Epi-info 6.04 statistical package. Results: According to the WHO classification, HIV counseling and testing interventions in the city are among ‘Do Not Harm’ interventions - the first step along the continuum of gender mainstreaming approaches. Structural elements including absence of financial resources, gender analysis and gender aware performance appraisal system are found to impede effective gender mainstreaming in HIV counseling and testing interventions in the city. The strategy of gender mainstreaming has not been fully understood at all levels of HIV VCT system. The key stakeholders have not demonstrated their commitment towards gender mainstreaming. Conclusions: Owing to lack or absence of the necessary structural elements, effective gender mainstreaming has not been employed in HIV counseling and testing interventions in the city. In order to adapt effective gender mainstreaming and see its benefits in HIV counseling and testing interventions, all key stakeholders should demonstrate their commitments by making those structural elements to exist.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR MASTERS OF PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/718
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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