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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/713

Title: FOOD INSECURITY: EXTENT, DETERMINANTS AND HOUSEHOLD COPPING MECHANISMS IN GERA KEYA WEREDA, AMHARA REGION
Authors: TEKLEWOLD, TILAYE
Advisors: W/ro Amelework Demeke
Keywords: Food Security
Insecurity
Chronic Food Insecurity
Transitory Food Insecurity
Copping Strategies
Mechanisms
Copyright: 2004
Date Added: 21-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: A study was conducted in two selected peasant associations of Gera Keya wereda of Amhara Region to investigate the problem of food insecurity in terms of its extent, determinants and coping strategies of the peasants residing in the wereda. A total of 161 sample households were selected from two peasant associations which represent Highland and mid-altitude areas of the wereda. The analyses of the data showed that the majority (53.4%) of the households in the study sample is facing food insecurity and significant variations in per capita kilocalories availability have been observed between the two sample kebeles. Seasonal food insecurity was also observed that farmers indicated that the most sever period of food shortage is the time between June and October. The food poverty gap measure for the total sample households is 25.00%. The corresponding figure for Giragn and Kimir Dingay kebeles are 20.00% and 30.00% respectively. Hence, the food poverty or insecurity situation at Kimir Dingay kebele is worse than at Giragn kebele. The regression analysis shows that family size, oxen and small ruminants holding as well as farmland size are the major determinants of household food security in the study area. Farmers have also indicated the cause of food insecurity to be drought (belg season rain failure), erratic rainfall, shortage of farmland due to population pressure, soil erosion, lack of oxen, low price of sheep and sheep diseases, frost, water logging and problem of pests and plant diseases. Concerning household copping mechanisms to the problem of food shortage, a number of strategies were reported by farmers which differ based on the degree of severity of the problem. An array of coping mechanisms have been pointed out by farmers which range from reducing the number of meals to eating wild plants, yet there is a tendency of reliance on relief food aid which is developed due to indiscriminate provision of relief food aid
Description: A Thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Regional and Local Development Studies (RLDS)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/713
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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