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Title: HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT AND POPULATION STATUS OF SWAYNE’S HARTEBEEST (Alcelaphus buselaphus swaynei) IN SENKELE SWAYNE’S HARTEBEEST SANCTUARY
Authors: TEWODROS, KUMSSA
Keywords: Human-wildlife
Senkele
conflict
Swayne’s
Hartebeest
Sanctuary
livestock
attitude
conservation.
Date Added: 4-Sep-2007
Abstract: The study on the population status of Swayne’s hartebeest was carried out in Senkele Swayne’s hartebeest Sanctuary. The ground total count was 283 and 351 during the wet and dry seasons, respectively. The population number increased during the dry season because of calving of large number of adult-females. Illegal resource exploitation, loss of wildlife habitat, increasing number of settlers and overstocking rate of livestock are the major problems encountered. Such activities resulted in conflict and wildlife depletion. Four selected Peasant Associations, 220 household samples were identified for interview and group discussion. Overstocking rate of livestock and human pressure in the Sanctuary are the main source of humanwildlife conflict in the area. Among the respondents, 58.18% faced crop damage at various levels. Crop damage was not the primary source of conflict in the area, but the level of damage varying significantly between villages. Swayne’s hartebeest, vervet monkey, warthog and porcupine were blamed for the damage. However, warthog was considered as the major notorious pest. Most respondents had a negative attitude towards conservation measures. Lack of free access to grazing area and interest to settle in the wildlife area are the main reasons. Attitudes were significantly related to locally perceived benefits, education, family size and age of the settlers. The perception of the local people in conserving and managing the resources is completely different compared to the views of staff members of the Sanctuary.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BIOLOGY (ECOLOGICAL AND SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/67
Appears in:Thesis - Biology

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