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Title: PATTERNS, CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF URBAN-WARD MIGRATION IN ETHIOPIA: THE CASE OF KOMBOLCHA TOWN
Authors: GASHAW, TESHOME
Advisors: Dr. Beyene Dolicho
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 19-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: In some developing countries such as Ethiopia the phenomenon of ruralurban migration which is mainly triggered by rural 'push' factors than urban 'pull' factors is the main cause of unbalanced rate of population growth and distribution between urban and rural areas. This situation in turn affects the healthy development of both urban and rural areas. In spite of this fact, not much in known on many of the aspects of rural-urban migration. The present study of migration to Kombolcha is mainly concerned with an assessment of the flow pattern and characteristics of migrants, and the major causes and consequences of the flow of people from rural to urban areas. In order to find out the problems, 537 household heads were randomly selected from the total household heads residing in the town. Structured and open ended questionnaires were prepared on the demographic and socio-eocnomic characteristics of both migrant and non-migrant households. However, large part of the questionnaire is mainly centered around the migrants. Most of the migrants move to the town alone. They have some information about the town and the decision of their migration is mostly made by themselves. However, most of them migrated spontaneously. A greater number of the migrants are short distance migrants, young adults, males, married and had some form of education. There are many causes for the movement of the people to the town. Among them the need to join friends and relatives, the search for job and urban amenities and facilities are the most important. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even currently. However, many of them are not far below the natives in the town in their socio-eocnomic conditions. In line with this, some useful points of recommendations for effective urban management and rural development activities are suggested.
Description: A Thesis Presented to The School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Geography
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/577
Appears in:Thesis - Geography

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