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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/576

Title: Domestic Solid Waste Management in Mekelle City: Tigray Region
Advisors: Dr. Solomon Mulugeta
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 19-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This study examines the overall pattern of solid waste generation, collection and disposed in Mekelle city by analyzing primary as well as secondary data. The findings show that about 39792.9Kg of solid waste in a day and 1424408.5kg in a year were generated in Mekelle in 2001. The largest proportion, over 75%, of the solid waste was of residentional origin, i.e. domestic solid waste, which predominantly consists organic items such as ash and garbage. In general the amount of solid waste generated was found to be a function of household income, where the lower, the middle and the higher income groups generate 0.277 kg,, 0.301 kg and 0.412 kg per capita per day respectively. In the year 2001 the solid waste collection and disposal service coverage by the Health Office of Mekelle was only 39.38%. The main factors behind the poor performance include improper organizational structure, shortage and dissatisfaction of the workers, inadequacy and inappropriateness of the collection and transportation facilities (both the containers and vehicles), unfair distribution and sitting (placement) of the containers, and inadequate financial resources. Moreover, there were no detailed rules and regulations, ordinance and public education concerning solid waste management. The site selected for solid waste disposal, the disposal technique and the solid waste collecting and transporting techniques used were also part of the main constraints of the solid waste management in the city of Mekelle. The findings also indicate that certain social-cultural factors have aggravated the problem of solid waste management in Mekelle. The leading factors in this regard include improper handling of solid wastes at home, improper transfer of solid waste into the container and the illegal disposal of solid waste anywhere in the city. The findings of the survey, in general, suggest that the Mekelle City Administration, particularly its Health Office, take the necessary measures in order to improve the City's solid waste management service. Moreover, the Health Office has to make efforts to achieve a meaningful level of community participation in its endeavors to create a clean and healthy urban environment
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of the Master of Arts in Human Geography
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/576
Appears in:Thesis - Geography

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