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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/573

Title: TAXI TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN ADDIS ABABA: CAUSES, TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL VARIATIONS, AND CONSEQUENCES
Authors: Bitew, Mebrahtu
Advisors: professor Mekete Belachew
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 19-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The main objective of the study was to identify the causes and consequences as well as the temporal and spatial variations of taxi traffic accidents in Addis Ababa. The research was based on primary and secondary sources. Three types of questionnaires were distributed to taxi drivers, non-taxi drivers and pedestrians. The Global Positioning System (GPS) instrument was used to locate the major taxi stations and accident-prone areas on maps. Different maps were made using the GIS Arc view. The archives of The Addis Ababa Traffic Police Traffic Accident Control and Inspection Department and the Addis Ababa City Administration Transport and Communication Bureau were used as sources of information. The study considered a number of factors grouped into driver, vehicle, pedestrian, and environmental factors. Also problems associated with the number and facilities of the traffic police department as well as the traffic regulation itself were assessed. The study indicated that the concentration of economic activities and services, negligence of taxi drivers and working for longer hours, older taxi vehicle fleet, and inadequacy of traffic control facilities are among the main causes of taxi traffic accidents. Also the low level knowledge of pedestrians about the traffic rules, the small number of traffic police working for long hours without incentives, inadequate facilities and the lack of enforcing capacity of the traffic regulation itself have also been identified as the main contributing factors to the incidence and magnitude of traffic accident in Addis Ababa. The spatial variation of taxi traffic accidents showed that accidents are highly concentrated along the busiest roads, squares and around schools, government offices worship areas, commercial, recreational as well as dense residential areas. The study also indicated that taxi traffic accidents coincide with peak hours of the day and weekends. On the basis of the findings of the study, it has been recommended that the expansion and improvement of road facility programmes should be supported with prompt remedial measures such as the decentralization of functions, traffic education for children, strict driver training and licensing and public education for pedestrians. Also it recommends the proper management of the available road facilities, and revising of the existing traffic regulation to enhance its enforcing capacity on the offenders.
Description: A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/573
Appears in:Thesis - Geography

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