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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4286

Advisors: Yohannes G/Michael (Ph.D.)
Keywords: Geography
Environmental studies
Copyright: Jun-2011
Date Added: 11-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Women are essential to economic growth in developing countries. They play different roles including productive works for earning income and food for the family. They also engage in reproductive works which include food reproducing and preparing at homes. In addition to this, they also play the reproduction role of bearing the labor forces. However, they are not free from gender based discriminations which is experienced since long time which is also seen in Ethiopia. In Amaro woreda in particular, they also face many challenges. Traditionally, they do not inherit land and other resources from their parents. They do not share properties with their male spouses during divorce. The polygamous practice in the area results in the division of the existing land or other properties among the wives of the husband and this makes life difficult for those women who take the risk of heading the household lonely. Above all, the area is currently hit by food insecurity problem for which women are more vulnerable. Therefore, it was intended to study how the women headed households earn their livelihoods aiming to analyze their livelihoods, access to resources and their coping mechanisms to food insecurity. To this end, two sample kebeles were selected systematically from Kolla and Woina Dega agro- ecological zones on the basis of the information secured from the woreda agriculture and rural development which showed the existence of high food insecurity problem in these agro- ecological zones. Out of these kebeles, 60 each from each kebele was selected representing 38% of the kebele’s total women headed households and constituted a total of 120 sample women who were selected through simple random sampling and provided the required data which were collected through the house to house survey by distributing questionnaires, interviews, application of focused group discussions and by analyzing written sources about the woreda. Then, analysis of data was followed and on the basis of this analysis, it was able to come up with a number of findings which revealed the existence of many problems which the women headed households face in association with their livelihoods. These include livelihood and food insecurity, earning low income, less access to institutional services and capitals, low level of participation, low infrastructure coverage, disease, lack of labor support and others. Finally, recommendations of the researcher follow which is expected to be presented to the stakeholders so that they should work for solving the problems of the women by creating alternative livelihood strategies which are not dependent on the changing climate, and by improving food security, income levels, access to technologies, capitals, institutions, and levels of participation of women and by improving infrastructural provisions such as transport, pure and water supply.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4286
Appears in:Thesis - Geography

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