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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4282

Title: Escaping Poverty’s Grasp: A WAJIB Approach For Environmental Conservation and Eco-Tourism Development. A Case Study on Integrated Forest Management (IFMP) Adaba-Dodola
Authors: Sewbesew, Yideg
Advisors: Mulugeta Feseha (PhD)
Keywords: WAJIB, Conservation, Livelihood, Capital
Assets, Livelihood Out Comes
Copyright: May-2010
Date Added: 11-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The Bale Mountains in the high lands of Southern Ethiopia are an example for a huge impact which rural population can create on natural resources such as forest and their bio diversity .The heavy degradation of the remaining natural forests in this area has initiated an intervention by the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit ) in 1995 with a goal to protect the remaining afro montane forest and to develop, use and manage them sustainably. The community based approach which is named WAJIB (Walda Jirratootaa Boossona), has been implemented to achieve the goal. WAJIB granted an exclusive user right while at the same time entitling the community with a right to earn a livelihood from wood and non-wood income generating activities. This research made an attempt to see the governance, effectiveness and sustainability of the approach while studying the contribution of the approach to enhanced capital assets and livelihood outcome of the local community in the study area. The study deals with the contribution of the approach to livelihoods, which is based on assessing the contribution of the approach to the livelihood of the poor employing the livelihood framework as a check list to collect, organize and analyze the data systematically. A mixed method approach (quantitative and qualitative) is employed to generate the required data. A total of 100 samples were drawn to collect the required data. After analyzing the data the study concludes the approach has scored a momentous result on the development of the capital assets of the community, but the analysis shows that the approach could not solve all the initial problems in the study area .While the natural capital is improved in most of the WAJIB areas it shows a deteriorating trend among the Non- WAJIBs due to the difference in forest management among the two groups. In view of the financial capital the introduction of alternative income possibilities and enhanced income from the existing resources has boosted. In studying the improvement in the social capital, though a strong social networks and connectedness is consolidated within and among the WAJIB members, a conflicting and hostile relationship is being observed among WAJIB and Non- WAJIB groups due to the creation of WAJIB blocks with exclusive user rights for a relatively limited number of beneficiaries. The contribution of Eco tourism to livelihood out comes is found to be imperative at varying degrees to the different livelihood out comes .While extremely important to meet cash needs; Furthermore, the study revealed that individuals participating in eco tourism activity in the area are getting a mean monthly income of 120 ETB, while the non financial benefits accrue in similar vein. But a further diffusion of income has to be supported. its contribution to people’s empowerment must be dealt in depth to made the local community respond authentically to a livelihood strategy they may pursue in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4282
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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