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|Title: ||THE LIVELIHOODS OF DISPLACED PEOPLE IN ADDIS ABABA: THE CASE OF PEOPLE RELOCATED FROM ARAT KILO AREA|
|Authors: ||HABTAMU, ATELAW|
|Advisors: ||Woldeab Teshome(Dr)|
|Keywords: ||REGIONAL LOCAL DEVELOPMENT|
|Copyright: ||Jul-2011 |
|Date Added: ||10-Dec-2012 |
|Abstract: ||The study has discussed the livelihoods of displaced people. The focus of this study was to explore the relocatees‟ livelihood assets and activities, to look at how relocatees are vulnerable to urban context, to examine the livelihood strategies employed by relocatees to cope up or recover from the undesirable outcomes of displacement and to assess the outcomes of such strategies .In doing this, those people who were relocated to Nifas Silk Lafto were purposefully selected as study community.
The study used qualitative research methodology. Relevant data for the study were gathered from the secondary as well as primary sources. The main primary data collection methods were household interviews, key informant interviews, focus group discussion and observation. To analyse the livelihoods of displaced people in holistic manner, this research used sustainable livelihood framework (SLF) as a main theoretical and livelihood analytical framework. The SLF is modified and operationalised in a tool that is relevant to this particular study.
The study reveals that relocating people from slum area to another location is important in providing good housing quality and neat living environment, in making people less susceptible to poor sanitation induced diseases, enabling people to integrate with other community, reducing women and children burden who were formerly responsible to collect water, and providing children with open space for play. On the other side, the study found insignificant role of local community in decision making process .It also found that a large number of studied community have been directly affected by loss of livelihood activities, traditional institution, social network, education, transport and health service access and financial capability. Due to loss of social cohesion and means of income disruption, the displacees are more likely vulnerable to urban economic shock more than the non-displaced people. There are various livelihood strategies that have been employed by displaced people so as to manage the adverse effects of displacement on their livelihoods. With this regard, the study found that such strategies have both negative and positive impact either in short term or long run on the relocatees, especially on those who have directly involved in this strategy. Finally, the study suggests the importance of participating the community in decision making process, facilitating micro-enterprises, credit service, training and taking in to consideration the availability of school, health centre and bus termini in the new location.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Urban Design & Development|
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