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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4248

Title: The Livelihoods Reality of Micro and Small Enterprise Operators:
Authors: MULUGETA, YOHANES FIRASEW
Advisors: Yirgalem Mahitame
Keywords: REGIONAL LOCAL
DEVELOPMENT
Copyright: Jul-2011
Date Added: 10-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This qualitative research was conducted at woreda 1 of the Lideta sub city in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with the overall aim of assessing the overall livelihoods situation of MSE operators specifically by examining issues related to context, capital assets, role of institutions, policies and processes, and finally the livelihood outcomes of working in MSEs. The study targeted those cooperative MSEs engaged in metal and wood work activities. The data generated to meet these objectives were collected via semi- structured interviews, key-informant interviews, focused group discussion, and non-participant observations, while subsequent analysis was done in light of the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF). The studied operators and their MSEs were vulnerable to many contextual factors with both facilitative (such as the prevalence of free market system, decentralization, federalist state structure, price ceiling, presence of general favorable policy environment) and hindering ( like market shortage, misconception of the society, inflation, high and increasing price of inputs and basic commodities, poor access to social facilities and infrastructure, tenure insecurity, inconvenient working place, and bureaucratic work procedures) roles. In relation to their level and access to various types of capital assets, the operators have relatively better access to and level of social, political, and human assets. It is also found that, although not equal to the level of possession of the previously-indicated three types of assets, the operators own a significant amount of financial and physical assets. A number of formal and informal governmental, non- governmental, private and commercial institutions have played helpful role during the establishment and operation of the studied MSEs through creating better policy environment, organizing the operators to form MSEs, credit and training provision, increasing the political capacity of members, and finally providing mutual support. Yet, some of the shortcomings associated with these institutions and with an adverse effect on the MSEs are inflexible working procedures, lack of commitment and responsiveness, and adopting unsuitable policies In due course, it was found that the problems challenging the targeted MSEs were market, institution, operator, MSE and society related. The reported outcomes of this livelihood strategy were increased income and household asset ownership, better access to food and health services, increased exposure and level of technical and other social skills, becoming a law-abiding, self-confident, self-reliant, and productive individual with enlarged social and political capacity. The study mainly suggests such measures as alleviating the market problem of the MSEs; improving the provision and current state of public infrastructures; and increasing the capacity of executives and the operators themselves.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4248
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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