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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4236

Title: Household Food Security Situation in Girar Jarso Woreda, North Shewa Zone of Oromiya National Regional State, Ethiopia
Authors: MESKEREM, ABI TEKA
Advisors: Degefa Tolossa
Keywords: Woreda, North Shewa
Zone Oromiya National
Copyright: Jun-2011
Date Added: 9-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The central theme of this study was to explore household food security situation in Girar Jarso woreda. To do so, various data collection and analysis methods were used. The necessary data were generated both from primary and secondary sources to answer the research question. Hence, field observation, household survey, key informant interview and focus group discussions were the principal means of generating primary sources of data while secondary data were obtained from by reviewing various governmental and nongovernmental organization documents and reports, books and academic research papers. The collected data were coded and entered into computer software called statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and analyzed by using various statistical techniques such as frequency, percentage, cross tabulation and Pearson chi-square test. The Household Food Balance Model was utilized to quantify household food availability which indicated that the available dietary energy of households meet only 45.3 percent of the minimum daily allowance, 2100kcal. This shows a deficiency of 54.7 percent. To this effect, 84 percent of household faces food insecurity in which the causes are related to poor access to productive asset/resources. Moreover, respondent’s expressed their perception on their household food security situation. As a result, 69 percent of households are perceived as they are food insecure while 85 percent perceived as they are non self sufficient. Moreover, farmers perceived that the causes of household food insecurity are related to demographic, bio-physical, socio-cultural and infrastructural, economic, political and institutional factors. The study revealed that, high population pressure, land shortage, poor soil fertility, soil erosion, erratic rainfall distribution, poor saving, poor food rationing, inadequate veterinary services, low non farm income, insufficient farm holding, poor cash income, weak rural organization, poor extension services and use of modern farm input are considered by households as the main constraints of both the agricultural productivity and food security status of the households. Food insecure household in the study area develops their own coping mechanism to household food shortage mostly by eating less preferred foods, reducing the number of meals, purchasing foods through selling small animals, grass, kubet and firewood Based on the findings of the study, both short term and long term actions from government bodies, donors and households themselves to ensure household food security have been recommended
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4236
Appears in:Thesis-Food science and Nutriation

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