Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD! >
Institute of Technology >
Thesis - Urban Design & Development >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4211

Advisors: Degefa Tolossa
Copyright: May-2010
Date Added: 7-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: As we all know urban poverty is one of the major problems of Ethiopia. The main objective of this study was to assess household poverty in Addis Ababa by taking two kebeles of Addis ketema sub-city. In order to achieve the objective of the study from the study population of 55,762 household heads 200 samples were selected through random sampling method. The study used both primary and secondary data sources. Data was analyzed and interpreted mainly through quantitative method and it was supported by qualitative method. The two dominant approaches of poverty analysis- income and welfare were adopted. Income and expenditure of the household were viewed from the perspective of household size, education, age, martial status, and employment. Welfare is also analyzed through the nature of the house (wall type, construction material for floor and material of roof), house tenure, renting, number of rooms, supply of drinking water, main source of light, use of kitchen, energy consumption, toilet, bathing facility, and health condition. Coping strategies like saving, aid, migration, and cutting down meals per day were identified in the study. The result of the study in general showed that households in the selected areas have quite low income and most of them depend on one source of income. 51.9 percent of the surveyed population is employed themselves in petty trade. 32.5 percent of the households earn with a gap of 401-700 per month. More than 34.4 percent of the households’ income couldn’t cover their monthly expenditure. Divorced and widowed which accounted 22.5 and 19.0 percent, respectively, sections of the society experience more poverty than those who are not. Besides, 40.0 percent categorized themselves as very poor when compared with other community. Most of the respondents (50.0 percent) have experience of food shortage and out of this food insecure households (50.9 percent) of the respondents use cutting down the amount of their meal (frequency at two times per day is a dominant means) in order to cope up the food shortage. Based on the findings, the study recommended that investment on infrastructure is highly recommendable for the problems like housing shortage, overcrowding, rents affordable relative to income and the quality of houses. Health coverage, water and sanitation facilities also need to get immediate attention by the development sector
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4211
Appears in:Thesis - Urban Design & Development

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat

Items in the AAUL Digital Library are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


  Last updated: May 2010. Copyright © Addis Ababa University Libraries - Feedback