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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4202

Advisors: DEREJE HAILU (PhD)
Keywords: Science ,Food
Security Studies
Copyright: Jun-2011
Date Added: 6-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: north eastern part of Ethiopia, drought induced food insecurity has been a long-lasting problem. In this thesis, an attempt made to identify household food security status and its determinants in one of drought prone area- Gubalafto Woreda. Moreover, the linkages between Small Scale Irrigation and household food security in provision of food energy assessed. A multi- stage stratified sampling procedure was used to select 115 sample households from both irrigation users and non-users living within the targeted kebeles. A combination of quantitative analysis like descriptive statistics, Household Food Balance Model, binary logit model and qualitative study were used to reach at reliable results by using data gathered from both primary and secondary sources. The survey result revealed that 29 % of sample households were food insecure and 71 % food secure. There is huge gap in food calorie availability ranging from 788- 8405Kca in the study area. Food insecure households were found to have an average of 24% food gap in terms of dietary energy, which is needed to fulfill the national minimum requirements. The average per capita calorie supply for irrigation users was found substantially increased by 889 Kcal, which is about 42 % percent of the minimum requirement of food calorie requires by an individual. The use of SSI was found significantly related to household food security situation in provision of household dietary energy and taking a lion share in the proportion of study areas major consumable from food crops production. The logit model revealed that household size, educational status of household head, number of farm oxen, cultivated land size, engagement in non-farming, access to irrigation and credit service were found significant determinants. Correspondingly, the study disclosed that the long distance between irrigated land to farmers residence, lack of cleaning and maintenance of scheme, free grazing , poor irrigation methods and crop selection were the major constraints in the irrigation farm. SSI is one of the viable solutions to household food supplement and hence promoting of smallholders to produce directly consumable food grains is advantageous. It is important to address those food security determinants and farmers’ views in planning and executing of development policies and programs by all stakeholders to tackle the problem of household food insecurity in the study area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4202
Appears in:Thesis-Food science and Nutriation

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