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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4188

Title: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS
Authors: NEBIYU, ADMASSU GEBREHANNA
Advisors: Terefe Degefa
Keywords: SOCIO-
ECONOMIC AND
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 4-Dec-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: is a general feature in Ethiopia causing many sufferings and apparent to the largest proportion of the population. Though the effects of urban poverty in Ethiopia are getting severe, the factors that account for the results are not studied very well and most studies have been conducted in rural areas and attempts on urban centers are somehow little. This study assessed some of the socio-economic and demographic determinants of poverty in four kebeles of Harar town. In lieu of this, both primary data and secondary data were used. Primary data was obtained through structured questionnaire, key informant interview and focus group discussions. Secondary data was obtained from published and unpublished materials, books, journals, project reports and maps. A total of 403 sample households were identified and selected using systematic random sampling technique. A Logistic regression model was deployed and estimated based on primary data whereby the impact of a set of demographic and socio-economic variables on the probability of being poor was assessed. Food energy intake approach was used to identify the poor and the non-poor where, out of a total of 403 households surveyed, 277 (69%) were found to be poor with a head count index of 0.69, poverty gap of 0.17 and poverty severity of 0.08. Sex, household size and incidence of disease were found to be variables that have positive correlation with poverty whilst the variables negatively correlated with poverty were age, marital status, educational level, employment, income, water source, telephone, electricity and housing tenure. The variables that significantly affected poverty in the study area were sex, household size, educational level, employment status and average monthly income. On the other hand, sex, number of productive household members, number of dependents in the household, number of dependents outside the household, religion, ethnicity, and unemployment were found to have statistically insignificant impact on poverty in Harar. The poverty indices 0.69, 0.17 and 0.08, along with other findings in the study remind that the extent of poverty at the study area is so-much-to-think-of and thus, swift actions by concerned parties to redress the problems related to the poor are worthwhile.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4188
Appears in:Thesis - Population Studies

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