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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4180

Advisors: Dr.A Subba Rao (professor of English)
Dr.Yimer Kifle
Keywords: The Dominant Ideology:
Patriarchal Ideology:
Copyright: Jun-2009
Date Added: 4-Dec-2012
Abstract: Appropriate interpretation is one major aspect in literary study. However, it has been observed that there exists a problem of interpretation. in the field of-literature. This problem has led and is leading people who are engaged in literary study to wrong perception of reality which results in social practices that are misleading. This is a critical problem and requires careful attention from scholars in the field .In this connection, literature is basically related to ideology which directly or indirectly controls discourses. Literary discourses are also expressions of ideology. This point implies that no work of literature is devoid of ideological content. For this reason, in any literary analysis, the inclusion of ideological structure is necessary. To be more specific, African literary texts in general and political novels in particular are in one way or another related to ideology . . " Concomitantly, the African tradition of thought and African literary tradition are two basic categories which are intimately or closely related to the long African history. The African tradition of thought has got expression through its oral tradition which later developed into written literature. In this connection, it may be noted that modern African literature has sprung from its own history which is characterized by domination. This also implies that African literature reflects the African experience in the course of domination which ranges from the slave-trade to the post-colonial era. The idea of domination is linked to politics, ideology and power because domination is impossible without political power. In this regard, most African authors are preoccupied with portraying the colonial and post-colonial experience of Africa through their works.All of the points indicated above clearly show . " that there is a link among African history, African politics, African ideology, African domination and African literary texts. This link presupposes a closer examination of ideology through which all forms of control are carried out.In addition, the study of ideology in the African context is very limited. Taking these points into account, this research sets out to deal with problems of interpretation taking ideological analysis as its reference point.For this purpose,this study has evolved an integrated framework of ideology consisting' of three major paradigms.vis.iauthorial.aesthetic and' dominant ideologies. This framework has been applied to the interpretation of six selected East African Anglophone novels:Nuruddin Farah's first trilogy,Ngugi's Petals of Blood,Mwangi's Kill Me Quick and Serumaga's Return to the Shadows. This thesis contains seven chapters. The first chapter deals with the rationale that necesitates ideological study in literary texts in line with the background of African literary tradition. The second chapter is mainly concerned with critical views on many issues in relation to African literature .Chapter three primarily focuses on reorganizing theories of . \ ideology to form an integrated model of ideology . In addition, this section attempts to show how ideological universals can be contextualized based on African ideology and historical experience. Chapters four to six elucidate the nature of ideology in each selected novel based on ideological structures that are considered as a paradigm for analyzing African literary texts .Chapter seven forwards the similarities and differences among the selected novels in terms of their ideological structure. Finally, chapter eight winds the thesis up by providing relevant concluding remarks, findings and recommendations.The major findings of this study are:global theories of ideological interpretation of literary texts need African contextualization;there has to be meaning relationships among the different interpretations of the same text;and it is possible to make a distinction between the implied author and the real author.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4180
Appears in:Thesis - Literature

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