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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4174

Title: FACTORS AFFECTING SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD
Authors: ENGIDA, BAYOU
Advisors: Isaac Paul(Dr)
Keywords: mining, mineral curse, artisan mining, livelihood,
sustainable, asset pentagon
Copyright: Mar-2011
Date Added: 30-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This objective of the research was to identify the significant factors that affect sustainable livelihood of artisan gold miners in the case of Sakaro locality, Odo – Shakisso Woreda, Guji zone, Oromia Regional State. The significant factors otherwise known as the asset pentagon: financial, resource, human, legal and marketing factors were considered to determine their impact on sustainable livelihood. The research approach employed for the study is qualitative research. The Woreda was selected for its pioneering status in the mining sector of Ethiopia. The area and the specific site were selected purposefully for having the requisite features for the study. The research was a case study and snowballing technique was applied to select the respondent miners. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings indicate that the low initial start-up capital is not significant as the requirements to start as artisan miner are simple hand tools. The primitive tools, however, adversely affect resource recovery, thus limiting earning capacity. The saving behaviour of the artisan miners needs to be addressed through promotion of saving culture and intervention of micro-finance institutions. Availability of mineral resource is on the decrease over the years: unpredictability of production is on the increase. The institutional arrangement in the areas of capacity building, improved methods of recovery and safety procedure is seriously lacking. The gap is visible in aspects of low recovery and resource wastage. Regarding the legal provisions enforce, significant numbers of the research participants were not aware of the very existence of the law; most of them seriously doubt its application. Marketing was found to be a thorny issue where the miners have neither bargaining power nor a voice in price setting. This has denied them of the politically correct thinking and the global consensus of the day – fair price.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4174
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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