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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4172

Title: RAPID URBAN EXPANSION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON LIVELIHOOD OF
Authors: Dejene, Nigusie
Advisors: Issac Paul
Keywords: REGIONAL , LOCAL
DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
Copyright: Jun-2011
Date Added: 30-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Small towns of Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Addis Ababa are expanding tremendously in recent years. The main factors for expansion of these towns are their high potentials in attracting investments mainly due to their high proximity to the national market and accessibility to various types of infrastructures. An expansion of these towns has been made in expense of conversion of agricultural and green lands. This study was under taken at peri-urban area of Sebata town to analyze a rapid expansion of the town and its implication on farming communities. Hence, a sample of 60 households who has previously displaced from their land due to the town expansion was taken. In addition, secondary data from various sources were complimented in order to understand the magnitude of the town’s expansion. Primarily data collected from sampled households were processed and analyzed by using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). The result from the findings showed that an expansion of the town during the last few years made significant impacts on livelihood of farming community on peri-urban area: shortage of agricultural land, land insecurity, and losses of assets. For instance, 50 percent of sample households possess and operated on agricultural land size less than 1 hectare and only 4.5 percent of them hold land size above 3 hectares. This indicates that the average land holding of sample household is the lowest to sustain their livelihood from agriculture. Although, proximity to urban center benefits peri-urban farmers in terms of accessibility to infrastructures, markets finance and off farm employment opportunities, farmers in peri-urban areas of Sebeta town did not fully take opportunities that were come up with the town expansion and development. This is mainly due to shortage of land size and lack economic options that absorb them. In addition, rehabilitation mechanisms used by the town municipality mainly an arrangement of cash compensation for evicted people is found inadequate to replace the resource base, which is land. As a result, most of the families exposed to further economic, social and cultural impoverishment. Therefore, to ensure sustainable city development, government should make sound planning prior to displacement without treating farmers’ livelihood living on the edge of the urban area. These include pursuing appropriate compensation packages and implementing even those available to rehabilitate the livelihood of evicted households.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4172
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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