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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4167

Authors: Yoseph, G/Mariam
Advisors: Getinet Alemu (PhD)
Keywords: Environment
Copyright: May-2010
Date Added: 30-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This paper analyzes the achievements of Micro and small Enterprises in improving the income of urban poor and identifies the challenges they are encountering. The study is conducted in Asella town- Oromia regional state, in two sub cities and on 44 enterprises. The subjects of the study are operators of MSEs in the particular enterprises. Representative samples were selected using both random and non-random sampling methods from which data were gathered, using questionnaires and focus group discussions and then descriptive statistics and before and after approach (paired sample T- test) of data analysis are employed. As a result, it is found that: the program has created employment opportunity particularly to those jobless dwellers, there are significant differences in operators’ income, expansion and growth is exhibited in growth oriented enterprises, improvements are realized in; households’ fixed assets, access to education and medical services after establishment of the business ventures. The findings of the study revealed that Micro and small enterprises in the study area are playing a vital role in increasing income , creating employment opportunities and generally improving the living conditions of their operators. However, they are facing with various challenges and threats that could affect their sustainable contributions to the proliferation of their overall benefits. These includes: financial constraints, inadequate technical and managerial trainings, inadequate markets and market linkages, high level of dependence on government projects, disagreement among members and the like. Finally, for a better achievement of objectives of the program in the study area, interventions such as: access to finance, appropriate supports to improve outputs (supply) and market demand, and promoting a culture that supports and rewards entrepreneurship, need to be undertaken.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4167
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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