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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4166

Advisors: BELAY SIMANE (PhD)
Keywords: Irrigation physical system, Parallel
approach, water use, organizational
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 30-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Fentale Irrigation Based Integrated Development (FIBID) project, designed to irrigate 18,000 ha and currently supplying irrigation water for 4000 ha for areas which phiscal structures are constructed. The project has passed from 2-6 irrigation seasons at different irrigation blocks based on the completion of farm irrigation water supplying structures and land distribution. Even if there are high positive impacts at the early stages challenges on the irrigation management and sustainability are sprouting. In this study, the scheme is assessed against Uphoff three dimensional irrigation concept i/ Physical structure ii/ Water use iii/ Organizational management. In addition critical environmental concern of the project area is identified. Primary & secondary data through questioner from sample respondents, FGD, Key informants, water measurement and GPS were collected. These data were analyzed using SPSS, Irrigation performance indicator, GIS & VSTM. As a result, the research identified and witnessed the request for the project and public consultation conducted at the commencement of project contributed much to the relevancy and the need of the project. The project is transforming the life of some beneficiaries. Contrary to this, in this study, water management limitations in terms of efficiency and effectiveness, weak irrigation institutions at all stages Government, public & IWUC which are working against the positive impact were observed. Inconsistent water distribution, challenges on how to manage and operate the field level plots and structures flaws are becoming the characteristics of the scheme. The water loss in the scheme is leading and enhancing critical environmental concern -water, land and salinity- which can exacerbate the early positive impact of the project. Livestock development in the project, cattle trough and modern forage production were not given due emphasis. The parallel approach, Design and construction, is quoted as one of the reason for limitations on the quality and endanger the environment without giving room for environmental impact assessment. The cost recovery concept which started to play great role in the irrigation management lost its rate of collection due to unconvincing reasons.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4166
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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