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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4148

Title: A Thesis Submitted to College of Development Studies in Partial Fulfilment of
Copyright: Apr-2011
Date Added: 30-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Water is one of the basic materials that make life possible on earth. Providing access to clean & adequate water supply facilities and improving the performance of the sub- sector directly reduce the morbidity & mortality rates of population. It also increases the productive capacity of the economically active population. An insufficient access to water; on the other hand, is not only bad for health but also contributes to a poor food security and a lagging social development. The Ethiopian government at the national level in general & the Benishangul- Gumu Region in particular is striving to enhance the sectors development including the improvement of safe water supply to the people. Homosha is one of the 20 woredas of BGR where water sector institutes and other partners were working to promote access to clean water supply. Through the efforts made a number of physical facilities have been developed. But their sustainable utilization became a great challenge to achieve intended outcomes. Schemes were frequently seen to interrupt and the people of the area seen suffering from this in an area where schemes are available mostly near the backyard of the residents. This significant problem with the objective of accessing reasons existed behind the problem has necessitated to conduct this study. Social, economic, institutional, & technical components of each influencing factors have been focused. Users, respective institutions & their water development partners were included for their information & feedback for the study. Literatures have been reviewed. On site observation at the watering points and a focus group discussion with water users committees has been made. From the attempts made, seasonality of most developed schemes creating a heavy burden on to the remaining schemes was found the major problem rooted as a consequence of weak supervision made on construction. As the approach in almost all of the cases was supply driven with a very weak participation and involvement of the intended users, creating the required sense of ownership filling has been missed. Thus users have given little attention to care and to contribute towards the maintenance and well being of the schemes. The poor communication and integration among partners and institutes has contributed for the unfair and uneven distribution of the schemes among the communities where this in some areas has brought utilization of fewer schemes beyond their carrying capacity. Poor financial management, unavailability of spare parts in the nearby markets and lack of sufficient institutional support have also got un- undermined contribution for the encountered problem. Therefore for promoting and sustaining the access and coverage it is recommended that a considerable measure need to be taken to the suggested limitations and gabs in order to maintain the available and to be effective with the ones planned in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4148
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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