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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4141

Title: Local Institutions and their Influence on Forest
Advisors: Feyera Snbet
Keywords: Environment
Copyright: Jun-2010
Date Added: 29-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Management of forest resources is not only determined by ecologic, economic, or demographic factors but also influenced by a heterogeneous set of institutions and their arrangement at various levels particularly of local level. Local level institutions broadly comprehend as many institutions, both formal and informal, which are directly engaged in forest resources management and/or use. A study was conducted to assess the influence of local level institutions, community and forest resource attributes on the use and management of forest resources in Yayu forest of Illubabor Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. The forest is recently nominated by the government as a UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere area and efforts have been made for in-situ conservation of wild Coffee arabica populations. Data were collected through households’ interviews (100 household heads), focus group discussions, key-informants interview and personal observation. An Institutional Analysis Development (IAD) framework was employed for analyzing institutional aspect of forest resource management at local level. The data were analyzed using descriptive and qualitative data analysis techniques. The study findings revealed the existence of various formal and customary institutions that influence forest management and use in the study area. The formal institutions contributed to forest resource management in performing collective choice level activities such as alienation and exclusion and determine operational level activities. On the other hand, Informal institutions such as council of elders, religious institutions, Jiga, Dabo and Iddir, were involved in operational level activities such as time of forest resource harvesting, time of marketing, time coffee planting, and clearing undergrowths. Additionally, informal institutions are also used as a plat forum by government to initiate formal dialogue to create awareness about forest resources use, management and conservation. Attribute of the community (dependence on the resource and group size) and the forest (clear boundary, extractability, and excludability) are important incentives to the community to use, manage, and conserve the forest resources. Along with the inefficient and complex institutional setup, the prevailing poverty and lack of forest management guidelines are the major critical problems of conservation of Yayu Forest and it’s environ. Preparation of forest management plan and building the capacity of formal institutions at local level should be enacted to enhance monitoring and sanctioning of the forest resources. The recently initiated biosphere reserve model may improve conservation and sustainable use of Yayu forest if appropriately implemented. Apparently, natural resources management like forest can’t be possible without the proper recognition and involvement of the informal institutions in the study area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4141
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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