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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4136

Title: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
Authors: EPHREM, YOHANNES
Advisors: Assefa Hailemariam (PhD)
Keywords: Rural, Urban, Rural- Urban
Linkages, Contraband, Migrant
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 29-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: In Ethiopia, rapid population growth, coupled with sluggish and often stagnant socioeconomic development has led to the general impoverishment of the society. The magnitudes of the problem is larger in rural areas and in emerging regional states like Somali region, where literacy is low, and access to education, health, employment and other social amenities are very much limited. JigJiga is a town in the most eastern part of Ethiopia and an administrative capital of Somali Regional State. The town is administered with 10 urban dweller’s associations (Kebeles). The major sources of livelihood for the town are small scale business, informal trade, cross border trading, contraband, civil service employment, carpentry etc. ,. The major objective or purpose of the research was to assess the basic socio-economic and demographic factors affecting the rural linkages of urban migrants in Jigjiga town. The specific objectives are; (i) to determine the forms and magnitudes of the rural-urban linkages presently existing within the study area ;( ii) to identify the socio-economic and demographic conditions that are in place to enhance the linkages; and (iii)to examine the role of ethnic differences in the formulation of positive rural linkages. These issues have been investigated empirically. Primary data using quantitative method and focus group discussions were collected to explore migrant household linkages with their rural homestead. The study covered 604 migrant households from selected kebeles of Jigjiga town. Findings revealed that migrants contribute significantly to the development of hometowns based on their status. Main findings in the study were: financial insecurity of migrants in urban Jigjiga hampered their rural linkages; rural assets ownership determines household’s propensity to rural visits; urban migrants received rural outputs and they in return support rural relatives with wider types of urban based products; rural contacts of urban migrants are positively associated with expectation of lengthy residence; the likelihood of not visiting rural homestead doesn`t increase as distance increase; and Somali ethnic groups didn’t have rural linkages more than non-Somali ethnic groups. Based on these findings, the study recommendations include: Firstly, the Ethiopian government should re-think of its rural land policy, so that migrants can own rural assets, though they are absent physically. Secondly, the government should prioritize its development efforts towards improving the living and working conditions in rural Ethiopia. Thirdly, effort must be made to recognize the economic problems migrants face and establish strategies that protect the rights of migrants in Jigjiga. Fourthly, there is need to improve the transportation and communication networks to minimize or avoid the major bottleneck for linking two different spatial units, rural and urban.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4136
Appears in:Thesis - Population Studies

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