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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4125

Title: Integrated Watershed Development from Sustainable Livelihood
Authors: Yalew, Adane
Advisors: Workneh Negatu (PhD)
Keywords: watershed, sustainable development,
asset, livelihood
Copyright: Jun-2010
Date Added: 28-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Watersheds, especially in the developing world, are increasingly being managed for poverty alleviation as well as for environmental conservation objectives for rain fed agricultural system. The major challenges of rural development in Ethiopia including Delanta Woreda are land degradation, low agricultural productivity and rural poverty, which are interconnected. In order to break these intertwined problems, community based integrated watershed development is practiced. Of course, this practice brought opportunities for livelihood improvement of rural poor but its sustainability is a challenging one. Past watershed studies failed to consider key success factors of watershed development [Such as environmental, economic, technological, technical, social, institutional and physical]. Therefore, the overall objective of this study is to investigate the main challenges and opportunities of integrated watershed development with the eye of sustainable rural livelihood perspective. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were employed to gather and analyze data. Specifically, questionnaire survey, focus group discussion, key informant interview, field observation and review of pertinent secondary data sources were utilized to generate the data. The key findings of the study reveal that the majority of natural resources have been improved in the watershed because of the physical SWC and its technologies practiced in the area. Economically, the household benefited from food- for- work; however, there were also challenges. Because of the investments on activities of income generating were low and not concurrently performed with SWC, the investment on physical SWC structures had not immediate economic return. Institutionalization of watershed development and social network were not given adequate attention in practice and challenging the sustainability of the community-based watershed development. On the other hand, agricultural activities became an opportunities for viable option of the households, if there were adequate access to irrigation, agricultural inputs & technologies. Therefore, access of the communities to capacity building and input technologies with socializing and institutionalizing the watershed development should be done not an option, but imperative for sustainable livelihoods.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4125
Appears in:Thesis - Rural Livelihoods & Development

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