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|Title: ||HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD SECURITY: RESOURCES, VULNERABILITY AND|
|Authors: ||Tsegaye, Moreda|
|Advisors: ||Degefa Tolossa(Dr)|
|Keywords: ||Rural Livelihoods|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2008 |
|Date Added: ||28-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Studies on household livelihood security often explain what and how households make their
livelihoods within the realm of prevailing contexts. This research explores livelihood
resources, vulnerability and coping strategies of households in the three selected kebeles of
Tach Gayint Woreda. To this end, household livelihood security approach was used to provide
an explicit focus on what matters to rural livelihoods in the studied areas. The study findings
were drawn from data generated through the combination of both qualitative research
methods and quantitative household survey method.
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques involved participants from various socioeconomic
groups with the view of getting holistic views and a better picture of the prevailing
contexts through the participation of the peasants in the study.
Results obtained reveal that livelihood systems in the study areas are dominated by
subsistence –oriented small holder agriculture in which households practiced mixed farming
where both animal and crop production are carried out concurrently. In addition, the studied
households also pursued non-farm activities although the activities were often low paid type.
On the other hand, the stock of productive assets held by households such as holdings of land,
livestock and other assets are low and possibly deteriorating.
Evidences from the data also showed that the studied households have been suffering from
frequent and severe disasters for many years which include drought, floods, insects and pests,
and epidemics. As a result, livelihoods in the area are linked to persisting vulnerability which
is the result of combination of factors constraining the options and opportunities open to the
households. Ever increasing population growth which has placed extreme pressure on scarce
land resources, increasing environmental degradation, low and erratic rainfall, depletion of
asset base, declining land productivity and lack of appropriate technologies|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Rural Livelihoods & Development|
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