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|Title: ||COOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE IN ETHIOPIA:|
|Authors: ||Shimels, Yimam|
|Advisors: ||BELAY SIMANE (|
|Keywords: ||RURAL LIVELIHOOD|
|Copyright: ||Mar-2010 |
|Date Added: ||28-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Democratic member control and autonomous and independent cooperative principles are
the two ICA designed principles, specifically developed to address the governance
cooperative. According to these principles, Cooperatives are member-governed economic
and social organizations. Cooperatives as democratic and autonomous organizations are
expected to ensure member-governance in their association and operation decision.
Despite their principles, nonetheless, in Ethiopia, in the previous regimes, the association
and business operation of cooperatives were not decided by their members. Today, in
contrary to the previous governments, in principle, cooperatives are recognized as membergoverned
democratic and autonomous organizations.
However, since members and the population at large was accustomed to governmentgoverned
cooperatives in the past, and the move towards member-governed cooperatives
that are capable to complete and survive in the liberated market is a recent phenomenon, it
seems that no considerable effort has been directed to analyze the governance of
cooperatives in the face of the free market economy in Ethiopia. Having this in mind, this
case study is conducted mainly with the objective of analyzing the governance of
cooperatives in Ethiopia with a specific reference to Ankerka Vegetable Producers’
Primary Cooperative Society (AVPPCS) and Tigle Ferie Multipurpose Farmers’ Service
Primary Cooperative Society (TFMFSPCS) in South Wollo Administrative Zone (SWAZ),
Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), Ethiopia. To this end, two specific research
questions are posed. First, what are the facilitators of cooperative governance in the
studied cooperatives? Second, what are the constraints faced in the governance of the
cooperatives covered in the study?
Selecting purposely AVPPCS and TFMFSPCS, the study adopted a case study method. Key
informant interview, focus group discussion and observation method of data collection are
employed to gather both primary and secondary data.
The findings of the case study revealed that, among others, to realize member-governed
cooperatives: besides issuing supportive national legislation, still strong effort is expected
from the government to prevent local government intervention and to strengthen the
organizational capacity of CPBs; the businesses of cooperatives should be localized;
members should participate actively in the economic and decision affairs; and
representatives and employees of cooperatives must be membership-accountable.
Rendering demand-oriented education and training, setting member-shared and locallyspecific
business activities, and Cooperation among cooperatives are the main
recommendations forwarded by the researcher to ensure member-governed cooperatives.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Rural Livelihoods & Development|
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