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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4106

Advisors: Dr. Assefa Zeru
Copyright: 1-Jan-2009
Date Added: 28-Nov-2012
Abstract: This study was mainly intended to assess the attitudes, perceptions and practices of teaching speaking skills at secondary schools in order to find out the classroom factors that may account on the quality and effectiveness of students' participation in speaking activities. Pertaining to the study, the attitudes and perceptions of students and teachers towards the relevance of the speaking skills' practices, the methodology used, the role of students' personality factors ,and the pertinence of the speaking activities were examined by the questionnaires and interviews, designed and employed for these purposes .Moreover, classroom observation checklist wa.f" used in observing the actual speaking classroom practices in the light of attentions given to purpose, supports, motivations and speaking inputs which allowed the researcher closely examined the classroom factors in relation with how they used (either in enhancing or inhibiting) to that of the quality and effectiveness of students' participauon. Textbook evaluation checklists were also employed as to evaluate the presence of the required elements and components in tile speaking tasks to determine the appropriateness of the tasks or activities for the intended students' participation. The findings of the study indicate that the importance of teaching speaking skills is undermined and teachers are not fully committed to teach. As seen in the results drawn from teachers' altitudes and perceptions towards the relevance of teaching speaking, using the method properly, and identifying and offering help for students with personality problems, the majority of them expressed as practising to speak in English is considered as the least important for their students, besides they think their students are not interested in any speaking lesson presented in pairs/group modes. Moreover, the results from the classroom practices affirm that teachers almost totally failed to provide purpose, relevant speaking inputs like for example, strategies, traine with basic skills needed by students to function as group/pair, support and motivate their students in most cases. The findings, therefore, suggest that by neglecting the relevance of teaching speaking and rendering their roles as sources of information, facilitators, participants ,councilors etc they not only undermine the importance of teaching speaking skills but also fail to meet the syllabus' intention in teaching speaking skills. By this the teachers' attitude towards the importance of tea' 'hing speaking as one part of the language as well as their perceptions towards the method and their communicative roles are not positive, seen in the light of literature. Similarly, the findings also indicate tha: practising to speak English is not prior to the majority students. Students view practising to speak in group/pair as well as the speaking activities they are supposed to work in group as they are irrelevant. The amount of motivation, support, assistances they have received in the class is also unsatisfactory. Moreover, the study shows that the inappropriateness of the speaking activities In eliciting students' oral participation is one of the major factors that hamper pair/grouo work in the classroom. Generally, th: findings suggested that factors related to teacher: attitudes, and perceptions towards the importance of teaching speaking as part of the language pedagogy, being communicative teacher and the relevance of implementing group modes, likely to attribute to students' lack of purposes, motivation, orcl communicative competences, cooperative skills, and positive awareness regarding oral participation, and group/pair works. Therefore, the study recommended that efforts should be made by teachers to provide their students with purpose, the required strategies, support , motivation as well as able to create awareness regarding the relevance of participation and cooperative learning a long with the necessary skill: s J that students' participation in the speaking activities would show encouraging change. Besides, the study also recommends the necessity of changing attitude and perception on the part of the teachers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4106
Appears in:Thesis - Teaching English as a Foreign Language

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