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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4069

Title: PRIMARY EDUCATION FOR THE CHILDREN OF PASTORAL NOMADS IN BORENA: ACCESS AND ALTERNATIVES
Authors: TEFERA, CHALLA
Advisors: Prof. Seyoum Tefera
Keywords: PRIMARY EDUCATION
CHILDREN OF PASTORAL NOMADS
Copyright: Jun-2001
Date Added: 27-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to examine the current status of school age children's participation in primary education in the nomadic areas of Borena, identify the major problems, i.e., school related and out of school factors (economic, social, cultural and development constraints) and indicate the alternative strategies that need to be designed by addressing the major issues to be dealt with by the regional policy makers and educational planners. A descriptive survey method was employed to gather the necessary data for the study. Data from the documents was obtained from the annual statistical abstract of the MaE, OEB and the 1994 Housing and Population Census. Moreover, questionnaires and structured interviews were administrated to 80 teachers, 516 students and 80 elders. The results of the study showed that school related factors such as distance from home to school and lack of water in the school were found to be the common obstacles for increasing access to primary education. Moreover, weak school-community relationships and absence of flexible time schedule and calendar were identified as the prominent factors in hindering students' participation. Furthermore, lack of separate toilet for girls, and shortage of student textbooks were found to be the other major constraints for increasing access to primary education. The results of the study also indicated that socio-economic factors such as the need for child's labor by parents, mobility of the people, and lack of understanding of the value of education by parents were identified as the major obstacles. On the other hand, cultural factors were found to be the main hindering factors. Besides absence of development programs designed for the pastoral nomads such as range land development program and extension and package programs were also identified as the major constraints. Moreover, shortage of marketing services, and shortage of basic services such as education and health were found to be the main obstacles. Furthermore, sparse settlement of the people and shortage of road were also identified as the major hindering problems. As a result, it is concluded that school related and out of school factors as well as development constraints are the hindering factors to bring about improved access to primary education in the pastoral nomadic areas of Borena. On top of this, it is recommended that the regional state policy makers and planners should give greater attention to improve the existing situation so that an increase in the demand for primary education would be improved and an increase in access is realized.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4069
Appears in:Thesis - Educational Planning & Management

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