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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4052

Title: SURVEY OF THE MAJOR FACTORS INFLUENCING HOUSEHOLD DEMAND FOR SCHOOLING IN RURAL BALE ZONE
Authors: SEYOUM, WODAJO
Advisors: Ato Ayalew Shibeshi
Keywords: household demand
SCHOOLING IN RURAL BALE ZONE
Copyright: May-1999
Date Added: 27-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to identify the major factors that influence household demand for schooling in rural Bale Zone. In order to fulfill this purpose, basic questions were raised regarding the utilization of school resources, the background of the children who mostly lack schooling opportunity, the factors that determine school participation in general and difference in schooling between sexes in particular. The study was carried out in eight rural primary schools and 17 peasant associations that use these schools. The sources of information were 250 household heads (100 household heads having at least one schooling child, 100 household heads having no schooling child and 50 household heads of drop-out children) eight school directors, 98 teachers, 497 students and 50 nonschooling primary school-age children. Household heads' and nonschooling children's interviews and teachers', directors 'and students' questionnaires were the instruments used to ga ther information for the study. The data obtained were analysed through qualitative method, percentages, correlation coefficient and average rank order. Based on the analysis made, the following major findings were obtained. There is u-nder utilization of teachers and an indication of crowdedness of classrooms in some of the surveyed schools. The findings of the study also has shown that, the demand of the households for schooling in the surveyed areas is ~ which was indicated by low and fluctuating enrollment growth race and high drop-out. Drop-out is more severe at lower grades and for girls. In general, females have low school participation because of the low demand of the households for schooling them due to high home duties on females, parents' perception of low employment prospect for educated females and marriage of girls. Majori ty of the students are older for their grades, and there are more over-age males than females. Children from the household heads who speak Oromo Language as their mother tongue have a relatively low school participation than children from Amharic mother tongue households when compared wi th the proportion of the households by mother tongue. Muslim children in general and Muslim girls in particular are the other groups of children who are educationally deprived. In addition to this, Muslim household heads are found to have high preference for their children to attend Koran school than government school, and there is high Koran school attendance among Muslim children. ~~ Economic conditions are the main factors determining household demand for schooling. Family wealth and distance from school have high influence on school participation, while household heads' educational level has weak relation with family educational consumption. Based on the findings obtained, the following recommendations are made. Future enrollment in most of the schools must be preceded by the construction of some additional classrooms, or operating with double shift is another option. In order to attract more children to school and to reduce drop-out, the present full-day school time need to be reduced to one session and change of school schedule according to local situation are required. Other than this, improvement of economic condition of the society, persuading community about the value of education and initiating literacy program are suggested to increase school participation. To increase females' school participation, the recruitment and training of female teachers in primary schools and giving priority for females in job employment are suggested.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4052
Appears in:Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management

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