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Title: Diversification of Livelihood Activities as a Strategy to Promote Household Food Security: A Case Study of Daro Lebu Woreda of West Hararghe, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Authors: Abduselam, Muse Usman
Advisors: Getnet Alemu (PhD)
Keywords: Rural Livelihood
Development Studies
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 27-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Currently diversification of livelihood activities has got special attention in terms of its contribution to household‘s food security. However, in our country little attention has been given to livelihood diversification and the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household‘s choice of different livelihood activities. Thus, this particular research was carried out with the aim of generating location specific data regarding the livelihood diversification and its role in attaining household‘s food security. A livelihood frame work has been adopted to see how the relationship between different characteristics of households and their livelihood resources affect the household‘s choice of diversifying livelihood activities which would in turn have a significant impact on household food security. A multi stage sampling procedure was employed to select 120 households of which 25% of them are female headed households. Household survey, case study, key informant interview, focus group discussion and observation were the principal method used to generate data. Descriptive statistics, income portfolio analysis, diversity index, multi-variant regression model and binary logit model was used to analyze quantitative data. The income portfolio analysis revealed that agriculture still plays a pivotal role by contributing 61.7% of the total income of studied households and followed by nonfarm income which accounts for 30% of the total income of sampled households. Similarly the diversity index reveals that there is a difference in participation of nonfarm activity both among the sex and wealth status of households. Male headed households were highly diversifying their livelihood activities than female headed households. Likewise the better off households were more diversify their livelihood activities than poor and medium households. The binary logit model result for determinants of livelihood diversification reveals that, from the 9
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/4040
Appears in:Thesis - Rural Livelihoods & Development

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