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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3975

Authors: GINJO, GIYA
Advisors: Professor K.N. Singh
Copyright: Jun-2000
Date Added: 25-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: NGOs have considerable experience in promoting and disseminating NRM technologies throughout the world. In line with this, since the 1984/85 Sahelian drought, NGOs have introduced various NRM technologies to rehabilitate renewable natural resources in different rural areas of Ethiopia. SOS ( 'Save Our Soils') Sahel/UK international is one of such environmental NGOs in Ethiopia. The major objective of this paper was to examine whether farmers in the study area have adopted the SOS-Sahel initiated NRM technologies and some socio-economic and institutional factors affecting the adoption and sustainability issue. The study was based on the survey of 92 randomly selected HH heads from Kindo Koisha Wereda and other institutional data sources from project, local, regional and federal offices concerned with environment and NRM. The study has employed both descriptive and qualitative analysis as methodological tools. The findings have shown that both the structural and agronomic NRM technologies were introduced by the project. From among agronomic measures (multipurpose grasses and shade trees) and from structural measures soil bund were well adopted. For instance, the adoption level of technologies shows that out of the total farmers more than 93% adopted soil bund, 58% adopted grass strips and 50 % adopted shade trees. Training, labour availability, participation and access to hand tools were found to be highly affecting the adoption process in the study area. In fact, as compared to previous government intervention in the area the adoption is better due to improved participation (during implementation), favorable attitude of community towards the technologies introduced, better awareness creation and technical back-up services. Although the SOS-Sahel introduced NRM technology is highly accepted in the study area its widespread replication and sustainability seems requiring additional technical and material assistant. In fact, about 78.6 % of respondents covered in this survey showed interest to continue the intervention. However, some of them put material and technical pre-conditions to undertake conservation measures in a sustained manner. Hence, addressing socio-economic and institutional arrangement such as additional training, access to hand tools, creating means for off-farm income sources, strengthening conservation work groups, improving basic social infrastructures like water supply, health facilities for human and animal and introducing agro-forestry and fuel wood saving mechanisms is necessary. In general the paper concludes by highlighting that SOS-Sahel /KRDP should design and implement a sound socioeconomic and institutional NRM package arrangements in addition to technical feasibility to ensure the sustainability of the NRM interventions. Finally, NGOs efforts to mange natural resources should be encouraged through clear sector/actor-NRM Policy/ strategy and its subsequent implementation procedure which might be designed by Federal Environmental Protection Authority or government bodies concerned with NRM in SNNPR to ensure the lasting benefit from such NGOs intervention.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3975
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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