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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3950

Title: HOUSEHOLD FOOD AID TARGETING: THE CASE OF ANTSOKIA GEMIZA WEREDA
Authors: ESSETE, SOLOMON
Advisors: Mr. Wim Olthof
Copyright: May-2001
Date Added: 24-Nov-2012
Abstract: This study aims at assessing the targeting efficiency in Antsokia Gemiza Wereda, in North Shewa. The study based its objectives on the hypothesis of household targeting practices are not efficient in Antsokia due to the failure to exclude the non-eligible beneficiaries at the expense of eligible non-beneficiaries. The specific objectives are (i) to examine different targeting methods used to select beneficiary households of relief, (ii) to examine criteria used to set a threshold among beneficiary households, (iii) to estimate the targeting accuracy (error of inclusion and error of exclusion) against its intended eligible groups, (iv) to compare resource given to households with the 'ideal' ration (error of under supply and error of over supply) and finally (v) to assess major factors that affect targeting efficiency. Information gathered by employing a combination of primary and secondary data; the study applied both qualitative and quantitative methods. The secondary data gathered from previously published materials while the primary data based its information on the 200 relief distribution have been collected from the sampled households heads, interviews, and observations. The household survey applied economic vulnerability indicators to identify household's 'eligibility' or 'ineligibility' for relief aid. The major indices, i.e. livestock ownership, land holding, dependency ratio, off-farm income, crop production and oxen ownership, were converted into a standard scale the 'Z-score'. The study noticed that the current targeting mechanism in Antsokia wereda has proficient procedures, despite actual practices impeded its efficiency. It applied a combined administrative-community targeting method, the combination is advantageous to complement each other. The administrative targeting decided that the eligibility indicator would be asset ownership. However, the community targeting found oxen ownership indicator easier to screen out eligible beneficiary households. The wereda implemented its selection factor (oxen ownership) with 14% inclusion and exclusion errors. Both pair of errors, inclusion/exclusion and over/under supply targeting errors are witnessed in the relief targeting. The findings show that there was 32.5% error of incidence (using economic vulnerability indicator) and 91.3% error of benefit. The major factors which determined the efficiency of targeting are: (a) DPPC approved below half of the wereda's relief request, (b) oxen ownership selection factor genuinely denied some of the food insecure and included the food secure households, (c) the community targeting had been affected by favoritism and discrimination (d) the community refused to participate in the selection and (e) the beneficiary households did not get all their ration. Identification of the exact problems, tied with the efficiency of targeting systems, is used to suggest practical and affordable methodologies for future intervention in the wereda and other weredas with similar features. The study recommended (a) to balance Pledge and delivery (b) to construct additional warehouse to the wereda (c) to extend the selection factor from oxen ownership to related economic status indicators (d) to encourage the community to participate in targeting and (e)to strictly follow the intended household/individual ration.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3950
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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