Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD! >
Faculty of Business and Economics >
Thesis - Economics >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||FACTORS GOVERNING ENROLMENT AND PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION IN ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||Elias, Awol|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Abdulhamid Bedri|
|Copyright: ||Jun-1996 |
|Date Added: ||23-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||An effort is made to identify and determine the effects of the
economic and demographic factors that influence the rapid growth
of the educational system in Ethiopia. In doing this, the paper
reviews the theoretical and empirical arguments for the rapid
investment on education in the world. The analytical model
constructed by Schultz (1985) to address the same problem is
used. The model enables us to determine the effect of the factors
identified to influence the growth of the system, in productiondemand
framework as constraints and conditions affecting the
costs of, and demands for educational services.
In the empirical estimation per capita income per adult, relative
price of teachers, relative size of school age population and
proportion of urban population are identified as the major
factors governing the growth of the system. It is found out that
the moderately growing income per adult, the decreasing relative
price of teachers and the constantly growing urbanization
significantly contributed to the growth of public expenditure on
education. The rapidly growing school-age population squeezed and
constrained the growth of public expenditure.
On the other hand, from the components underlying this
expenditure per school child, it is seen that the rapidly
increasing enrolment with decreasing expenditure per student was
made possible by; the relative substitution of physical resources
by human resources and the absolute depreciation of physical
resource intensity per student.
In addition to these, the effect of econom.ic and demographic
factors on expenditure per school child by school levels and on
the enrolment rates of males and females are also discussed.
Finally, the implications of these findings on the existing
education system of the country are also analyzed.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Economics|
Items in the AAUL Digital Library are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.