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|Title: ||THE IMPACT OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY ON CROP PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY IN BASONA WORANA WEREDA, NORTH SHEWA, AMHARA REGION|
|Authors: ||DEJENE, MINLIKU|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Mulat Demeke|
|Keywords: ||IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY|
|Copyright: ||May-2000 |
|Date Added: ||22-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||This paper tries to examine the impact of improved technology on farm productivity
and income of farm households. Further, yield and income difference between
adopters and non-adopters resulting from the level of technology adoption.
Theoretical and empirical findings suggested that crop yields particularly that of
wheat whose proven technology (improved seed varieties) are available showed
marked productivity. Technology adoption by far increased the income offarmers that
use commercial fertilizer both with local and improved seed.
The reason for technology adoption is that yield could not be increased to satisfy the
present food requirements of the population, given the decline in soil fertility and poor
Agricultural productivity in the Ethiopian context suffered from low input application,
deterioration in the soil nutrients, inappropriate agricultural policies, recurrent
drought, etc. All these factors adversely affect food production and productivity and
thus have made the country to heavily depend on food imports and food aid. Although
the past package programs prove the possibility of increasing yield, its coverage and
the purpose to which it served had never changed the life of the rural poor in
particular and the overall the sector's performance, at large. That is to say, those
package programs prior to the early 1990 's served only the small portion of the rich
farmers. In understanding of the problem, the present government put into effect the
new extension program known as the PADETES with the objective of increasing farm
productivity of the mass of the small farmers through widespread application of
improved technologies and farmers' participation in the process of planning and
implementing in the choice and adoption of available technologies. Since its
implementation reports showed that it was possible to increase farmers' yield by more
Having examining the hitherto theoretical and empirical findings, this paper tried to
link its results with these facts. The results of this study from the sample of 175
households in Basona Worana woreda of Amhara North Shewa showed that farmers
with better land, farm oxen, educational status, etc are adopters of improved
technology. All adopters were found better both in yield and income levels than non adopters.
Wheat and barely yields showed significant productivity improvement.
Further, it is tried to show farm income differential between adopters and non adopters
through employing financial analysis method.
It is important to note that problems related to the input and credit market, poor
extension and research links, and institutional problems, among others arrested the
level of technology adoption and hence the increase in farm productivity. Therefore, it
is essential to mitigate albeit solve these problems so as to attain the objective of food
self-sufficiency and food security at the national or household levels.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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