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Title: The Impact of Decentralization on Efficiency and Meritocracy of the Civil Service in Ethiopia: The Case of Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Regions
Authors: Tesfaye, Digie
Advisors: Dr. Tegegne Teka
Copyright: Jun-2000
Date Added: 21-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The concept of Civil Service has various dimensions. One of its dimensions relates it to the system of personnel administrations that are applied to the government employees. The second focuses on the government functions by the people who occupy job positions that are neither political, juridical nor military. The third is related to employees of government ministries and agencies. Civil Service also takes different forms and structures in different systems of governance. In a decentralized system, it is related to a larger extent, to the responsibilities of the decentralized units. There are numerous benefits of the Civil Service in decentralization. It is reported that in decentralization, Civil Service is capable of providing efficient and relevant public services to the local conditions. In Ethiopia, even though there were some attempts of decentralization through regionalization of the country, where some regions were considered as autonomous, it was only after 1991 that decentralization was taken as a major political measure. In 1991, when the EPRDF took over political power, one of the first political measures taken was the regionalization of the country along ethnic lines. The ethnic based regions established thus have been enjoying autonomous status with respect to government activities that fall under their authority. The Civil Service, hence, is one of the responsibilities of the regions. The usual tradition, where the central ministries and agencies control and supervise the regional Civil Service activities has been no longer the practice. I tV This system has its own impact upon the efficiency and meritocracy of the Civil Service of the regions. Accordingly, it is found that the efficiency of the regional Civil Service is undermined after the ethnic based decentralization has been undertaken in the country. This is due to the fact that the organization structure of some bureaus and offices does not help to achieving efficiency. There are bureaus and offices in the regions that are established with little tasks to perform and there are also other bureaus and offices of which the tasks are similar with others but unnecessarily established as separate entities. Moreover, some bureaus and offices are operating in costly and delayed implementation of Civil Service administration. In addition, the merit aspect of the regional Civil Service is at risk because of the ethnic based decentralization. This is due to the prevalence of ethnic and language issues and the interference of political considerations in the operations of the Civil Service at the Regional levels.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3865
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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