Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD! >
College of Education and Behavioral Studies >
Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3855

Advisors: Dr. Seyoum Teferra
Copyright: Jun-1989
Date Added: 21-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the current status of girls' participation in basic education in the rural areas of Oromia, identify the major barriers i.e., in-school, and out-ofschool factors (socio-economic, socio-cultural and political) and indicate the major areas of intervention to the regional policy makers and educational planners. A descriptive survey method was employed to achieve this objective. Data from documents were obtained from the annual statistical abstracts of the MOE, Oromia Education Bureau, and the 1994 Housing and Population Census. Furthermore, questionnaires and structured interviews were administered to 42 teachers, 70 female students, 48 parents, and 50 out-of-school girls in the rural areas. Gross Enrollment Ratios, annual rate of growth, and percentages were calculated to examine the participation of girls in rural primary schools when compared with girls in urban areas and rural male students for the academic years 1994/95 to 1997/98. In addition, percentages, Chisquare, one way ANOVA and Tukey- HSD tests were used to analyse the data obtained from questionnaires and interviews. The results indicated that, in-school factors such as school schedule was identified as a common problem for both study areas. Moreover, absence of separate toilet for girls, and weak school-community relationships were found to be the major obstacles in Muslim areas. Furthermore, distance from home to school was identified as a problem in Christian areas, while the majority of in-school factors were not considered as major barriers in both study areas. On the other hand, all socio-economic factors were identified as major impediments in all areas. Most of the socio-cultural factors, on the other hand, were indicated as major obstacles in Muslim areas rather than in Christian areas except lack of interest in education, and low status of women in development activities which were identified as common problems. On top of this, political factors such as perception of limited range of paid occupations open to women, lack of upper primary and secondary schools, and low participation of local administrators to encourage girls' education were identified as common problems in both areas. Hence, it is concluded that in most cases, the participation of girls in formal basic education in the rural areas of Oromia is a function of out-of-school factors. Therefore, it is recommended that the regional policy makers and educational planners should pay more attention to increase the demand for education so as to increase the participation of girls in rural primary schools of the region.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3855
Appears in:Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
BEFEKADU ZELEKE.pdf68.24 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in the AAUL Digital Library are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


  Last updated: May 2010. Copyright © Addis Ababa University Libraries - Feedback