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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3817

Advisors: Ato Amare Asgedom -
Copyright: Jun-1995
Date Added: 20-Nov-2012
Abstract: Songs are reflections of a given society. They have curricular significance because they portray various cultural values which are thought to provide essential messages. Studies made on Music education have indicated the "functional" music syllabus prepared for the general education needs improvement. So far, however, little attempt has been made to analyse songs, particularly with regard to improving the specified subject syllabus. The main purpose of this study is to analyse the contents of secular Amharic songs produced on audio cassette since 1972-1994, and to find out their implications for curriculum planning . .' The method employed for this study is content analysis. Using stratified and random sampling techniques, 96 out of 475 cassettes, i.e 20 percent of the population were identified and used as the sample of the study. Of the 1015 songs on the same cassettes, 288 songs, i.e 33 percent were selected for the analysis. Relevant information for the study was obtained largely through questionnaire. Since a common framework for analysing the content of songs hardly exists, semantic categories consisting of 11 items - emphasising the content of the text and form of the melody - were prepared by the researcher himself. The unit of analysis was the content of each song as a whole according to the designated categories. An inter-coder reliability index of 95 percent was achieved between coders-the researcher and the musicologist. Percentages and a statistical test, chisquare (goodness -of-fit) were employed to analyse the data. VII The result of the analysis regarding the basic questions of the study revealed the following: Firstly, different values such as love; politics; geographical appreciation; personal, social and cultural development; social occasions; and some meaningless contents were found to be reflected in the songs. Of these love is predominantly portrayed. Secondly, in the last 36 years a change in the content of songs has occurred. Love, politics, social occasions and miscellaneous have not experienced significant changes. In contrast, themes of geographical; personal, social and cultural development have changed significantly. To find out the educational implications of the analysis the contents of the Music, Amharic and Social studies used in general education were compared with the analysed songs. The result indicated that some of the contents of the analysed songs are similar to some of the contents of the specified subjects. This implies that the inclusion of songs can enrich the contents of different subjects, not only Music. Hence, this study particularly recommends that those who are in charge of planning and developing the respective subject syllabuses need to pay due attention to songs in general and -to the suggested songs in particular during their curricular undertaking.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3817
Appears in:Thesis - Curriculum & Instruction

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