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|Title: ||THE ROLE OF RURAL COMMUNITY TRAINING IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY THE EXPERIENCE OFAGRI-SERVICE ETmOPIA (NGO) IN BALE ZONE|
|Authors: ||TEMESGEN, AKLILU|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Mulat Demeke,|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2001 |
|Date Added: ||14-Nov-2012 |
This paper comprises all rounded analysis of literature and empirical results of the impact of
community training on household food security. The study is based on Bale zone three
woredas-Gassera Golo1cha, Ginir and Goro. These woredas are preferred because Agri-service
Ethiopia, local NGO, has been providing rural community training for selected farmers through
its integrated rural development program since 1987. Highland area of Bale is taken as
potential area for agricultural production. Despite its potentiality, Bale zone is not thoroughly
studied to maximize its potential. As a result small-scale farmers are less access to modem
technology and methods of farming to change their life style. Consequently, this study focused
to deal with the role of community training on participant household agricultural production
and food security. Comparing approach of participant and non-participant farmers is applied to
indicate the differences between the two groups of farmers. Primary data collection is
undertaken in January 2001 from the woredas, Kebeles and villages equally fifty percent from
participant households of Agri-service Ethiopia and non-participants.
Discussion and analysis of the finding is made both qualitatively and econometrically. The
basic data analysis of age, sex, educational status, ethnic group, religion of household head and
family size was made. Agricultural production activities of-cereals and pulses (main crop),
garden, tree crops and livestock production, input utilization and finally consumption pattern of
two groups of household is thoroughly investigated. In addition to these, based on their main
crop production, those households food secure and insecure are distinguished. The factors that
determine the status of household to be food self-sufficient are also econometrically measured.
The results of the study indicate that the impact of community training provided for farmers is
with less (insignificant) impacts on the main crop production compared to non-trained farmers.
The role of training is reflected on natural resource conservation, garden and tree crops, input
utilization rate and production of poultry and bee-keeping production and quality of livestock.
Crop damage that faced participant farmers is one cause that reduced the positive impact of
Empirical analysis indicated that 32.7 percent of participant farmers and 25.7 percent of nonparticipants
are found to be food insecure at 2100 Kc1 minimum calorie requirement using main
crops production. The status household food self-sufficiency is highly negatively correlated
with family size; crop loss (damage) occurred and improved seed used. The status of food
security is also strongly positively correlated with cultivated land, asset sold by household and
fertilizer input used.
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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