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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3736

Authors: Betseit, Sissay
Advisors: Gedion Asfaw (Ato)
Copyright: Jun-2001
Date Added: 7-Nov-2012
Abstract: The study was undertaken in Antsokia- Gemza woreda, North Shoa. The terms of reference for the study were to under take the Roles Communities Play in Forestry Activities. The objectives of the study were: to asses forestry activities undertaken by World Vision and other government organizations in the area, to asses the types of forestry activities the communities participate in, to asses gender sensitivity of forestry activities, to asses benefits the communities get, forms of contributions the community makes and to suggest possible recommendations. To attain the above mentioned objectives primary and secondary data were used. Primary data was obtained from interviews (with organizations, Kebeles) and sample survey conducted in the area. For quantitative analysis SPSS computer program was used. People in the area participate in forestry activities when they have land or tree tenure. If people are allowed to use the trees they plant in a sustainable way they will participate other wise they refuse to participate, not only they refuse but also sabotage what has been done forcefully. World Vision has a facilitator role in forestry activities and the main actor is the woreda Office of Agriculture. The two organizations work together with the community and the kebeles in the area. In the study area participation in communal nurseries is related with availability of water. The Muslim community in the area participates less than the Orthodox community because of their location. The Muslims mostly inhabit the low land areas where there is shortage of water. This shortage of water made the communal nurseries to be located in high and middle lands. Participation in private lands is related with the size of land holding. The more land the community has the more it owns private nurseries. Planting trees on private lands is related on family size, size of land holding and level of education. The more the family size the less they plant trees. The more the size of land they have the more trees they plant. The more educated they are the more trees they plant. Species selection to plant on communal lands is related with location. The dominant species in the high and midIIe land are Eucalyptusglobalous and Juniperous procera while it is Eucalyptus saligna in the low land areas. The purpose of planting trees is directly related with gender. Men plant trees for the purpose of getting firewood and to sell and generate income more than women do. The benefits the community gets from planting trees on communal lands is mostly environmental that is to conserve the soil and for flood protection. The people in the study area are convinced that the causes for famine and draught in the area are due to the massive deforestation. The main benefits from planting on private lands are firewood, fodder and forage, flood protection and seIling and generating income. Fodder and forage are related to religion while firewood is related to gender. There is 145 hectares of area closures in the Wereda. 90% of the community participate in planting trees in the area closures. The community itself takes round to protect these areas. There are very few natural forests on top of mountains and hills, Muslim graveyards, churches and monasteries. Maintaining the existing forests is related with religion, size of land holding and level of education. The more land the community has the less they cut trees from the forest because they plant on their own land. The Muslim community protects trees on Muslim graveyards and the Christian community protects trees around churches and monasteries. The more educated is the community the more it protects the forests. The training the community gets is related with the level of education. The more educated the community is the more chance it has to get training. Type of training is also related with the size of land holding. Factors influencing the participation of communities were identified and possible recommendations were suggested. ii
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3736
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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