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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3676

Title: FEMALE PARTICIPATION IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION POST - 1974 ETHIOPIA
Authors: Dirirsa, Birbirso
Advisors: Dr. Seyoum Teferra,
Copyright: Jun-1993
Date Added: 6-Nov-2012
Abstract: The major objectives of this study are to make an investigation into the problem of female participation in primary and secondary education post-1974 and the effect of their participation on the achievement of the enrolment target described in the ten year perspective plan. To attain these objectives information on school enrolment and school-age population were gathered from documents of Ministry of Education and Central Statistics Office. Furthermore, formal questionnaire was distributed to 530 primary and secondary schools directors, assistant directors, unit leaders, department heads and teachers to gather information on factors that have contributed to low female participation in education. According to the findings of the study, the relationship between female participation in education (obtained by dividing the number of females enrolled in primary and secondary schools to a total female population of eligible age group) and overall educational participation rate (obtained by dividing a total number of pupils enrolled at primary and secondary levels to a total population of eligible age group) are found to be positive and strong (r = 0.95) at 1% level of significance. Furthermore, the administrative regions that have higher female participation rate than the national average do not have a problem in achieving the enrolment target described in the ten year perspective plan, while those that have lower female .../ . .. .•.• :...•.... '-'., ....:~ participation rate than the national average have a problem in achieving the enrolment target. The administrative regions that have higher female participation rate than the national average were Addis Ababa, Illubabor, Bale, Arsi and Wellega while Eritrea and Tigray have the least female participation rate. Yet, there is no identified pattern of regional variation in female participation in education. The participation of female is higher at the primary level than at junior and senior secondary levels due to different reasons including the availability of more primary schools than the junior and senior secondary schools, females' low pass rate in grade six and eight National Examininations, low females' persistent rate and cultural pressure for early marriage. Furthermore, the findings of the study show that parents' illiteracy, lack of exposure to modern outlook, parents demand for their daughters' labour, cultural pressure for early marriage and narrow employment opportunities for the educated females are the major reasons for low female participation in primary and secondary education.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3676
Appears in:Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management

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