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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/366

Title: THE IMPACTS OF SOME DEMOGRAPHIC AND HIV RELATED RISK BEHAVIOR VARIABLES ON THE STATUS OF HIV/AIDS: THE CASE OF OSSA MOBILE VCT CENTER IN URBAN ADDIS ABABA
Authors: Hussein, Mohammed
Advisors: Prof. Eshetu Wencheko
Copyright: 2007
Date Added: 26-Dec-2007
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV allows individuals to determine their HIV status and serve as a gateway for both HIV prevention and early access to treatment, care and support. The services are available in government, non-government and health facilities. However, very little is known about the demographic profile, risk behavior and HIV prevalence among VCT clients. The study aims at describing the impacts of some pre-test counselling session factors on the status of HIV/AIDS, which includes both demographic and risk behavior factors. The data for this study were taken from the OSSA mobile VCT center in urban Addis Ababa and data were analyzed using SPSS. Among the 14810 clients a majority (67.6%) were males with overall average age of 28.8 years. About (62%) of the total clients were never-married followed by currently married clients (29.7%) among those whose marriage was dissolved (divorced and widowed). The proportion of female clients is higher than males. About (57.1%) of the clients have attended junior and high school and female clients appeared to be less educated than males. The reason cited for seeking VCT services by the majority (49.4%) of the clients is due to the risky behavior they passed through followed by those who went to'' plan for future" (44.7%). The vast majority of the clients (78.2%) ever had sexual practices in the past and female clients were less likely than their male counterparts to report sexual practices. Nearly half of (52.2%) of the clients reported that they did not use condoms in three months time prior to testing and during the last sex months; females are more likely than males for not using condoms. Prevalence of HIV infection among mobile VCT clients was estimated to be 6.4% and varied by socio-demographic and risk behavior characteristics of the clients. The findings show that HIV status of an individual is strongly associated with independent variables included in the analysis except for employment status. The independent variables are: - age, sex, marital status, educational level, employment status, occupation, the most important reason why client is here today, previously tested, ever had sex with penetration, suspected exposure time, condom use last three months, used condom last time had sex and history of STI. Most of the variables included in the regression model had significant effects. Considering the prevailing high level of HIV infection rate among VCT clients, appropriate behavioral change strategies need to be designed particularly focused on people with low socio-economic status and high-risk behavior clients to help them lead healthy lives. In conclusion, strong referral linkages need to be established for the provision, care and support services in urban Addis Ababa.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE OFFICE OF GRADUATE PROGRAMMES OF ADDIS ABEBA UNIVERSITY, IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN STATISTICS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/366
Appears in:Thesis - Statistics

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