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Title: THE CO TRIBUTION OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING TO EMPLOYMENT A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES, ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
Authors: MOLLA, JEMBER
Advisors: Dr. Mulat Demeke,
Copyright: Jun-2011
Date Added: 6-Nov-2012
Abstract: It is often stated that a nation's young people represent its future. It should naturally follow then the countries which provide their youth with appropriate knowledge and skills as well as productive work experience are laying or renewing the foundation for future economic and social well being. Human resources constitute the ultimate basis for wealth of nation. Capital and natural resources are passive factors of production; human beings are the active agents who accumulate capital, exploit natural resources and carry forward natural development. Clearly a country which is unable to develop the skills and knowledge of its people and to utilize them efficiently will be unable to develop anything else (Haribson 1964:3). Like any other poor countries, Ethiopia faces with multi faceted problems. The problem of educated unemployment reached at its climax. In 1994, the rate of unemployment in the urban areas was about 22 percent. Unemployment rate stood at 38 and 39 percent within the age groups of 15- J 9 and 20-24 respectively in urban Ethiopia. This endemic problem affects each Administrative Region. The ANRS is the one that unemployment pervades chronically. Unemployment, in the region, is the leading threat in every endeavour to mitigate poverty and fasten growth and development. According to 1994 census, 78599 (1.02%) of the region's population were unemployed. 98 percent of the total unemployed masses found in the urban and 27 percent have completed grade 12. This dilemma has spurred much investigation into the role of training in improving productivity and the employability of the school leavers. The need to help promote economic recovery and new long term development, to reduce unemployment and to help specific groups in the labour force obtain access to employment has brought vocational education and training to the forefront of political discussion and significant increase in public funds have been committed to it. Vll In view of the limited absorptive capacity of the modern sector in developing countries and the resultant high unemployment rate, it has been recommended technical and vocational training should encourage self-employment, initiatives and cooperation. Despite its importance, some argue that training cannot be a solution and alleviate the existing high level of unemployment particularly in developing countries. The task of reducing unemployment lies primarily with general economic policies. Vocational training can be effective in preparing school-leavers for jobs if the delivery is competitive and the economy is attractive. Therefore, the central theme of this study is that vocational training is not an end in itself to reduce unemployment but can serve as a means if provided effectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3657
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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