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|Title: ||MANAGING NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR RURAL WOMEN IN ETHIOPIA: FOCUS ON 'WEREDA' INTEGRATED BASIC SERVICE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS|
|Authors: ||KASSAHUN, ASSEFA|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Yalew Ingidayehu,|
|Copyright: ||May-1997 |
|Date Added: ||6-Nov-2012 |
The study was designed to examine the management process and constraints
of NFET programs for rural women in women-only development projects of NGOs in
Ethiopia. It was also intended to suggest possible solutions to the problems identified.
Of the total of 17 NGOs that undertake NFET as their main activity or as part
of the programs of NGO-run women-only projects in Ethiopia, 12 (70.6) were selected
by using random sampling technique. Using the same method, 130 target groups, 89
facilitators (adult educators) and 67 coordinators were proportionally selected
representing the total population.
To conduct this research, the descriptive survey method was used. Interview,
questionnaires and documentary analysis were used to collect the necessary data.
Instruments were pilot-tested and essential corrections were made before the final
version was prepared. Percentile, chi-square and t-test statistical tools were employed
to see percentile and mean score differences between responses.
The study revealed that profound effort is being made by the NGOs to involve
the target groups women in needs assessment, planning and evaluation of the NFET
programs in NGO-run women-only integrated basic service development projects.
However, it cannot be claimed to be fully participatory.
The main management constraints are 1) lack of continuous and adequate
training 2) non-participation and inadequate participation of the target groups women
3) male dominated number of facilitators, and 4) the often conflicting needs of donors,
target groups and the government that challenges the NGOs in managing NFET
programs for rural women in women-specific projects.
Thus, it was recommended that 1) the project staff specially facilitators,
coordinators and managers have to be trained in participatory management
techniques of NFET programs or projects, 2) there should be continuous training
opportunities for facilitators, coordinators and managers, 3) facilitators should be
selected proportionally from both sexes and/ or the target groups women's preference
regarding the sex of facilitators should be given priority, 4) in order to overcome the
often conflicting needs of the three groups, the NGOs should study and analyze the
needs (priorities) of donors and that of the government that can easily be fashioned to
the needs of the target groups, and then enter into negotiations with donors and the
government in order to modify the needs to fit to the needs of the target groups. In
addition, NGOs should make an effort to encourage one another and create an
enabling environment to develop a net-work by which they coordinate exchange of
experience, disseminate new findings of research works, collectively seek solutions to
common problems, train their personnel, and prepare common manuals and guides
on common issues.
Finally, this research can serve as a basis for those interested in conducting
|Appears in:||Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management|
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