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|Title: ||DETERMINANTS FOR WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN FOUR TOWNS OF ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||WORKU, GETACHEW|
|Advisors: ||Seyoum Teferra (Phd)|
|Copyright: ||May-1997 |
|Date Added: ||6-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||The primary concern of this study was to determine the influences of socioeconomic
and demographic behaviors on women's employment status.
To meet the objective of the study, both parental socioeconomic backgrounds and
personal attributes were treated. These include the effects of parental education, parental
occupation, one's educational attainment, age, marital status and presence of children.
The data collected through questionnaire from a total of 432 women (220 unemployed
and 212 employed) was analysed using percentages and logistic regression statistical
The findings have shown that employment opportunities were the results of both
socioeconomic and demographic positions of women. Socioeconomic factors were found
important to explain women's labour market relation to the demographic situations.
The results further revealed that whether women are either in the employed or
unemployed status was primarily determined by educational attainment. In relation to this,
uneducated women were found to hardly compete with regular salaried employees who are
equipped with better educational qualifications.
Marital status and presence of children were also found to be the most influential
demographic factors that limit women's employment opportunities as wage earners. Married
women were highly unlikely to be employed compared with unmarried ones. Similarly women
with children of pre-school age were differentiated from those with no child (ren) by their
The proportion of employed and unemployed women when analysed by mother's
education and father's occupation was not also found significantly different. Similarly age has
been found to be a less salient factor in the prediction of women's situation in the job market.
In general, women's paid labour force activity in the formal sector varies both by
socioeconomic backgrounds and demographic characteristics. The outcome depends upon the
strength of the effects of the predictor variables. The findings, therefore, suggest that
adjusting such variables may bring reasonable improvement in women's employment status.
At the end, based on the findings and the conclusion drawn, recommendations were
made regarding the needs for expansion of schools, particularly in rural areas, delaying of
first marriage, involvement of government institutions and NGOs in providing childcare
centres, and state-funded helpers for employed women.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management|
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