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|Title: ||THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHES IN OROMIA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS|
|Authors: ||BEKELE, TADESSE|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Yalew Ingdayehu|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2001 |
|Date Added: ||6-Nov-2012 |
The main purpose of this study was to examine the major problems of the
demand and supply of secondary school teachers in Oromia. It attempted to identify
the actual number and desired demand of teachers, subject fields face particular
difficulties to meet their demand, the relative level of teachers' satisfaction, factors
considered in teachers' planning, and problems that the educational authorities face
in balancing demand-supply of secondary school teachers.
In order to attain the objective of the study, a descriptive method was
employed. The study was carried out on five Zone Education Department and 24
secondary schools. The study also involves 550 teachers that were selected using
random sampling technique, and 43 officials purposely selected from the five Zones
Education department and Oromia Education Bureau.
Documentary analysis, questionnaires and interview were the instruments used
for data collection. The data gathered were analyzed using various statistical tools
such as percentage, mean, Chi-square and rank order correlation coefficient. Based
on the results of the analysis, a serious shortage of secondary school teachers was
identified. It was also found out that, the balance between the actual number of
teachers and their desired demand was negatively increased from year to year.
Among subjects taught in secondary schools Civic, Afan Oromo, English and
Mathematics are the subjects at serous shortage of their demand.
Further more, findings identifies that, the relative level of teachers'
satisfaction with their current job was not satisfactory: it was found at lower level. In
addition, the majority of teachers' responses show that, their perception to wards
teaching profession was negative. Almost all the respondents argue that inadequacy
of salary, bad working condition, and low level of prestige and respect by the
community as a reason for their dissatisfaction and negative perception.
Regarding teachers planning, as stated by officials, there is no model/method
currently used for projecting demand-supply of secondary school teachers. However,
weekly load of an individual teacher, numbers of retained teachers available, and
number of teachers leaving teaching are the three main factors considered by officials
during demand request and teachers planning.
Shortage of teachers for recruitment, lack of reliable data, high rate of
teachers' resignation, and lack of coordination among concerned bodies are identified
as the major problem of balancing the demand supply of secondary school teachers.
In this respect, assigning less qualified teachers, maximizing class size, and
increasing the weight of teaching load for an individual teacher are the most
practiced methods used by authorities for alleviating shortage of teachers.
Finally in view of the findings and conclusions, arranging in-service teachers
training programs through summer courses or distance education, re-organizing data
collection system, formulating projection models, and conducting annual conference
are forwarded as a recommendations to alleviate the problems.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management|
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