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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3615

Title: DIFFERENTIAL LIVELIHOOD AND ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES OF
Authors: ABEJE, MENBERU
Advisors: Taddesse Berriso
Keywords: SOUTHWESTERN
ETHIOPIA
Copyright: Oct-2011
Date Added: 3-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This study attempted to explain the dynamic livelihood and adaptive strategies of the spontaneous and state-organized resettlers in Gurafarda Wӓrӓda. The study area since 2001 hs exhibited demographic and economic changes. The changes took place due to the population influx from Amhara region and SNNPR (South, Nation, Nationalities and Peoples region) in a spontaneous and organized manner of resettlement respectively. The study has taken in to account the intra-regional organized and the inter-regional spontaneous resettlers’ as subject of study and their livelihood and adaptation strategies as variables. In the livelihood strategies: land acquisition, land holding, labour recruitment, production, live stalk rearing, socioeconomic and religious institutions and their role were dealt. The study, so as to collect the abovementioned data, administer the combination of observation, interview: formal and informal, survey using questionnaire, case studies from spontaneous, organized and the host Me’enit community and document analysis. The mixed data collection method was employed to suit to the dynamics of the schemes and to collect as diverse data as possible. The data collected indicated that the resettlers have engaged different approaches in order to fit to the local environment. Their livelihood and adaptive strategy helped the spontaneous resettler to benefit from the richness of the local physical environment and gained immeasurable economic benefit than the organized resettlers. The organized resettlers though not as the spontaneous resettlers, have social and economic enhancement compared to their home of origin. The failure is due to the diverse ethnic composition in the new area, inability to recruit potential resettlers and inefficient management. This differential economic growth of the spontaneous and organized resettlers had never been without challenges. In this case, as of the economic and social differential attainments, they recorded difference in conflict
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3615
Appears in:Thesis - Social Anthropology

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